What are the different types of parachutes

Why is there a difference between military parachutes and those used for skydiving?

From what I've learned, different types of parachutes don't make them "old" or "new". They are used for different purposes.

For example, the dome-shaped parachute is typically used for static line jumps that do not require maneuverability (they drop vertically relative to the flat path when air friction is negligible).

The other types are usually used for special forces as they always make jumps like HAHO (High Jump High Open) when the place they jump is outside of the land area and infiltrates by air so the plane is outside of the Range of the radar / SA missile. So you need to have the ability to slide long distances.

Another case is that they must have the ability to change trajectory or land exactly in the drop zone. So maneuverability is a must.

However, the size varies depending on the manufacturer and specification. And while the dome-type parachute is relatively larger, the chances of getting hit are similar with other types as you don't have a lot of speed and can't make crazy high G turns. So you really can't avoid attacking you unless you have superhuman reactions and the sixth sense.

In summary, different types of parachutes are used for different purposes in different scenarios.

min

Welcome! Very interesting answer.

Jan Hudec

Ok, these are mainly the advantages of the paraglide type (rectangular, steerable). Yes, it is not always used. So what about the advantages of the round type? (AFAICT, the main benefit is that you only need a little training on the landing for the first lap and you can get going, while the controllable requires extensive training on the controls).

Hearts

They are cheaper because of the simpler controls and, as mentioned, can go straight down relative to the aircraft speed. This has the advantage that the drop zone for many soldiers can be controlled for the commander. As you mentioned on the first round, less training is required and the fact that they are simpler means less chance of messing with the controls and landing on their special drop zone. You don't want a bunch of soldiers to end up with miles apart and spend a couple of hours gathering them up. In the case of a quick response mission, the result will be disaster.

Pete Becker

Dome-shaped parachutes are steerable, just not as much as high-performance slides. You must be able to steer to avoid obstacles on the ground.

DevSolar

A few hundred paratroopers steer their slides around, fly into each other, get their slides tangled up and fall to the ground. The sounds fun.