What are areas in psychology
Psychology simply explained!
In everyday life we often come across situations in which we look for explanations for the behavior of other people: "Why was Anton just so sad?" - "Maybe he is depressed!" Or we try to make predictions about what the other person will say or do. Usually such explanations are tied to certain characteristics that we have gathered through our experience and knowledge and sometimes it is also a gut feeling that guides us in our assumptions. So we use everyday psychology almost every day!
But what exactly is the difference between everyday psychology and scientific psychology?
Everyday Psychology vs. Scientific Psychology
The behavior just described shows that people try to make predictions about the behavior of other people from their experience and knowledge. But this process is not really systematic, because unfortunately people's assessments often depend on the specific person and no generally applicable rules can be derived. Both university professors and practitioners agree that a fundamental academic degree in psychology is still the essential prerequisite for successful self-employment in all areas of applied psychology. With the introduction of the Bachelor's and Master's degrees, there is a noticeable tendency at universities to offer specializations in individual sub-areas of the psychological professional field as early as during the course of studies instead of a general master's degree, which allows a merging into very different fields of work. This is an advantage for those who know early on in which area they want to work. For the many students who are still undecided during their studies, this early decision can be disadvantageous. The same applies to the many combination offers of subjects that include psychology but do not fully qualify as a psychologist.
This is where scientific psychology comes in. Researchers try to establish general rules for people's experience and behavior. Scientific psychology is therefore an empirical science, since the statements made are based on systematic observations. In the cycle of research, these statements are further specified, checked and possibly rejected again. Psychological science is not a rigid field of knowledge, but develops dynamically and is further developed daily by researchers all over the world.
In this way, a number of collected rules and models are collected that are intended to describe, explain and predict the processes of our behavior and perception.
Scientific psychology differs from everyday psychology in that the former is based on systematic observations that are supposed to make general statements that apply not only to a single person, but to entire groups of people!
Definition of psychology
The question now arises as to how psychology can actually be defined. Scientists have agreed on a broad definition in recent years:
Psychology is the science of psychological processes, of human experience and behavior.
This definition is very rough and can be extended to a wide variety of areas. But it also indicates that psychological processes take place in every situation. In addition to its own models, psychological research also uses findings from natural, human and social sciences in order to be able to explain people's behavior and experience.
Sub-areas of psychology
The statements that can be derived from research can be applied to a wide variety of contexts. For this reason, some subgroups have formed in psychology, which thematically and contextually narrow the field of psychology somewhat. Sub-areas of psychology are, for example:
What does psychology do?
Perhaps psychology is smiled at from above at some point and somehow associated with "sentimentalism". Psychology is so much more and permeates every area of our life. We all benefit from scientific and applied psychology.
This is what psychology does, among other things:
Process fears, experiences of loss and traumatic experiences
Preventive health work
Avoid stress or learn how to deal with it in a healthy way
Analyze and influence buying behavior
Support for schools and advice for parents, students and teachers
Working out personal skills and making the best possible use of them
Help in good, social togetherness
good and productive atmosphere in the workplace
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