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As of: 01/29/2018

Gandhi's political struggle begins with challenging the moral authority of British colonial rule.

The Amritsar massacre

In 1919 the mood in India was heated. The displeasure is directed against the so-called "Rowlatt Bill", a law intended to prolong the state of emergency imposed in India as a result of the First World War indefinitely and to allow Indian politicians to be imprisoned. The Indian independence movement reacts with a general strike. There are also peaceful protests in Amritsar, in the province of Punjab, which, however, are answered by British soldiers with a massacre of the civilian population. Over 1,000 people are wounded or died. Gandhi then intervened actively in the struggle for Indian independence. And with his policy of "non-cooperation": Political elections, British institutions such as schools and courts of law, British goods are systematically boycotted. Gandhi is arrested and sentenced to six years in prison for sedition.

In 1924 Gandhi was pardoned and continued his nonviolent struggle. For years he plagued the British with his peaceful protests. But only after the end of World War II does it become clear that the British can no longer hold India. British Prime Minister Clement Attlee proclaimed independence on June 3, 1947. Against the will of Gandhi, two different states are founded - Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan. With his balancing policy, Gandhi succeeds in settling the bloody disputes between Muslims and Hindus. But only months after independence, he was murdered in the street on January 30, 1948 by a Hindu fanatic.