What does the Star of David symbolize

Lexicon of Religions:

The religious and political symbol of the Jews

The Star of David (Hebrew: "Magen David", literally: Shield of David) is a six-pointed star made of two equilateral triangles (hexagram) and has been a symbol for Judaism since the 18th century. The Star of David has adorned the flag of the State of Israel since 1948, after it was previously used as a yellow “Star of David” by the National Socialists to discriminate against Jews. Before the hexagram became a Jewish symbol, it was used in various cultures as a protective symbol and decorative element.

The hexagram is documented as a Jewish symbol as early as the 7th century BC. However, at that time it was not a sign that was clearly attributed to Judaism. Even in the Middle Ages, Christians and Muslims used this symbol as a talisman and decorated churches and mosques with the six-pointed star.

Reuters / Kacper Pempel

The Star of David adorns a tombstone in the Jewish cemetery in Warsaw.

In Vienna the Star of David is used as a religious symbol

The Star of David did not appear as a clear symbol of Jewish identity until the late Middle Ages, when the Jews of Prague marked their flag with it and used it as a seal in private and business areas. In 17th century Vienna, the emblem was found on a border stone that separated the Jewish quarter from the Christian quarter marked by a cross. The attribution of meaning to a Jewish religious symbol therefore only developed in the course of history. The legend that King David's shield was adorned with such a star is also not substantiated. What is certain is that the Star of David got its name from this idea.

With the increasing assimilation of the Jews, the religious meaning of the Star of David has also shifted towards a political symbol. In 1897 the Zionist movement chose the Star of David as its emblem, which was adopted for the state flag after the establishment of the State of Israel. The aid organization in Israel, similar to the “Red Cross”, is called “Magen David Adom” (Red Star of David). Your logo is a red Star of David.

Reuters / Ronen Zvulun

The fence at the Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem bears the Star of David as a decorative element.

Rich symbolic meaning

The six points of the star are supposed to symbolize the six days in which God created the world. The hexagon in the center of the star represents Shabbat, the seventh day of creation, when God rested. The star has a total of twelve corners, each of which stands for one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The two triangles also symbolize the relationship between man and God: The point pointing downwards means that man was created by God, the point pointing upwards means that man will return to God.

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