What is meant by domestic airport

Tokyo Narita Airport

Narita International Airport (English for Japanese 成 田 国際 空港, Narita Kokusai Kūkō, "Narita International Airport"; IATA airport code: NRT, ICAO airport code: RJAA) is the international airport of Tokyo and is located in the city of Narita in Chiba prefecture about 60 kilometers northeast of Tokyo. According to Japanese law, Narita International Airport is a 1st class airport.

history

Japan's economy grew strongly in the 1950s and 1960s, and the number of passengers at Tokyo's Haneda Airport, which opened in 1931, rose accordingly. In 1962 it was decided to build a new airport for the capital, the New Tokyo International Airport, which was supposed to take over the international traffic from Haneda, the domestic traffic was to remain at the old airport, which is relatively close to the city center.

Construction began in 1971, but met with fierce opposition from the population due to land expropriation, which is unusual in Japan. seven people were killed.[2] The airport was only able to open in 1978 with just one runway.[3] It was not until 2002 (after the decision to do so was made in 1986) that a second runway could be put into operation, on which, however, no wide-body aircraft can land. However, this railway could only be partially opened because this time the land was not expropriated and a local poultry farmer refuses to leave the farm, which is located in the area of ​​the new railway. At the moment the new runway is only 2100 meters long, in the final stage it will be 3200 meters long. In September 2008, construction work began to extend the runway to 2500 m and to expand the taxiways and parking spaces which are to be connected in October 2009. The construction of a third runway (cross wind runway) has already started. Due to the limited runway capacities, it is still not possible to meet all of the airline's slot requests.

As a result of the protests during the construction, Narita is considered one of the most expensive airports in the world, which can still be felt today at the strict security checks and demonstrations that are still taking place. For example, landing fees for a Boeing 747 were once 948,000 yen (about 6,800 euros), but were lowered to 730,750 yen on October 1, 2005. For comparison: The landing fees for this aircraft at Kansai International Airport cost 825,600 yen, in Incheon (South Korea) only the equivalent of 322,000 and in Hong Kong only 374,000 yen. As a result, these airports have been able to expand their position as an East Asian hub very significantly in recent years, while Narita's passenger numbers have practically stagnated since 2004.

Narita Airport was converted into a public company on April 1, 2004 (previously a state fund) that is wholly owned by the state. Later privatization is planned. At the same time, the airport was renamed from “New Tokyo International Airport” to “Narita Airport” that day. The airport has two terminals and can be reached from Tokyo via the Narita Express and Skyliner lines and the inexpensive Keisei-Ueno line. Furthermore, the only fully automatic washing facility for aircraft in the world is currently located on the airport premises.

Aerial view of the airport

As a result of high costs, long transfer times (1.5 hours to the domestic airport Haneda and the city center of Tokyo) and the high fuel costs as well as the economic crisis in 2008, the number of passengers fell from over 35 million in 2007 to 33, 8 million, although the airport has nevertheless reached its capacity limit. Freight transport fell particularly sharply during this period. For this reason, there are plans to modernize the terminals (e.g. for A380), more parking spaces for the aircraft and a rapid transit train to the city center (from 2010).

Incidents

At the end of 2009, the case of the Chinese human rights activist Feng Zhenghu attracted international attention: China repeatedly denied him re-entry, after which he did not leave the immigration area of ​​Tokyo Narita Airport for months.[4]

On Monday, March 23, 2009, a FedEx cargo plane of the type McDonnell Douglas MD-11 with the registration N526FE from Guangzhou, China, crashed on landing. Surveillance cameras documented that the main landing gear of the aircraft touched down hard on the runway, whereupon it jumped again in the air. Then it touched down with the nose landing gear first, overturned and caught fire. According to preliminary reports, gale-force gusts of up to 72 km / h are the cause of the accident. The two pilots died in the accident.[5]

Basic data

Passenger volume:

  • 2002: 29.10 million
  • 2003: 26.73 million
  • 2004: 31.22 million
  • 2005: 31.55 million
  • 2006: 31.82 million
  • 2007:> 35 million
  • 2008: 33.50 million

Narita rikon

A term common in Japan is "Narita divorce" (成 田 離婚, Narita rikon), which alludes to the divorces that often follow the honeymoon spent abroad in the case of Japanese newlyweds, in which the couples often “sit on each other” for the first time away from everyday life and social control at home and discover that they do do not match.

Narita Rikon is also the title of a multi-part television comedy that was broadcast in Japan in the late autumn of 1997 and is based on this social phenomenon.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. abcACI
  2. ↑ Vegetable growing at Tokyo Airport, SWR, February 8, 2010
  3. ↑ Flight Review April 2009, pp.63-65, Narita International Airport - Narrow Gate to Japan
  4. Chinese human rights activist stuck at Tokyo airport. In: The Guardian, 13 November 2009.
  5. ↑ Video of the crash on Spiegel-Online

Web links