What was the United States before 1776

 
  • 1517 Beginning of the Reformation in Europe.
  • 1588 After the British victory over the Spanish Navy, England becomes naval power.
  • 1607 Jamestown founded, the first permanent English colony in Virginia.
  • 1620 Pilgrim fathers on the ship "Mayflower" reach America, founding of Plymouth.
  • 1629/30 founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Puritan emigrations.
  • 1632/1732 foundation of the remaining British colonies in North America.
  • 1683 First German immigrants (Germantown / Philadelphia).
  • 1756/1763 Seven Years' War in Europe. On the American theater of war (French and Indian War, 1754-1763) a military conflict breaks out between England and France.
  • 1763 Peace of Paris: Canada and the areas east of the Mississippi are ceded by France to England. Spain loses Florida to England.
  • 1765 Stamp Duty Act: The British government's strict application of trade laws and the introduction of a new tax to finance the colonial war lead to protests. The colonies rely on the principle of "no taxation without representation".
  • 1773 "Boston Tea Party": The conflict between the British authorities and the colonial population over customs duties and the right to tax culminates in the Boston tea storm.
  • 1774 First Continental Congress: Representatives of the British colonies pass a "Declaration of Rights and Complaints of the Colonies" in Philadelphia.
  • 1775-1883 War of Independence: Beginning with skirmishes between colonial militias and royal troops at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.
  • 1775 Second Continental Congress: Organization of a Continental Army under George Washington.
  • July 4, 1776 Congress declares the independence of the United States.
  • 1776-1800 The young states create their own constitutions.
  • 1777 Creation of a confederation through the "Articles of Confederation" (ratified in 1781)
  • 1778 war alliance between the United States and France, later also with Spain and Holland.
  • 1781 Surrender of Yorktown (Virginia): The fragmentation of the English naval power leads to supply problems for the English colonial troops.
  • 1783 Peace of Paris (Versailles): England cedes the 13 colonies and the areas between the Great Lakes, the Appalachians and the Mississippi. Florida reverts to Spain.
  • 1787 United States Constitution, enacted in 1789.
  • 1789 French Revolution