What Roman legion did Jesus crucify?
Crucifixion: It was the Romans who murdered Jesus
The charge that the Jewish people murdered God comes from early Christian tradition. It can first be traced back to Bishop Melito of Sardis in the middle of the 2nd century ("God was killed, the King of Israel was eliminated by Israel's hand") and since then has been part of the permanent arsenal of Christian hostility towards Jews.
Only the decree of the Second Vatican Council "on the relationship of the Church to non-Christian religions" withdrew the thesis of collective Jewish guilt implied in the accusation of the murder of God, but continued to adhere to the incriminating statement that the Jewish authorities and their followers had to die Of Christ.
The contents of the four New Testament Gospels confirm the view that the Jewish leadership demanded the death of Christ. However, the nature and historical context of the Gospels already give rise to skepticism towards the thesis.
The Gospels (whose unknown authors are named in this text by their traditional names) first promote faith in the Son of God Jesus Christ and are only secondarily historical reports. Regarding their literary relationship to one another, the following rule of thumb applies: Matthew, Luke and, to a lesser extent, John use the Gospel of Mark.
The story of Mark's passion is prepared by three prophecies of Jesus, which actually structure the gospel. Its anti-Jewish content: Jesus goes to Jerusalem to be put to death by the superiors of the Jews.
In view of this, it is no longer surprising that later all the high priests, elders and scribes condemn Jesus to death and hand him over to Pilate. He wants to release Jesus because he "recognized that the high priests had transferred him out of envy". His request is then prevented by the Jewish leaders. Pilate cannot assert himself against them.
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