How were Roman emperors selected?

Were Roman emperors officially considered kings of Egypt?

No they were not. The Ptolemies were the last dynasty to rule Egypt directly in the ancient way. When the Romans took over, they simply treated it as a different province in the empire.

30 BC After the death of Cleopatra VII, the Roman Empire declared that Egypt was a province (Aegyptus) and that it should be ruled by a prefect chosen by the emperor from the equestrian world, rather than a governor from the Senatorial Order. Prevent interference by the Roman Senate. The main interest of the Romans in Egypt has always been the reliable delivery of grain to the city of Rome.

The headdress is called nemes and is only worn by pharaohs, much like the symbolic function a crown would have for a European. The statue is simply a way of telling those who cannot read that Agustus Ceasar is their ruler. However, the Roman rulers never came to Egypt to perform the ceremonial functions necessary for a proper pharaoh. If you look at the lists of dynasties, you will see that they were in 30 BC. End with Cleopatra.

Anixx

So the headdress of Augustus in this statue is only symbolic?

TED ♦

@Anixx - Yes. See edit.

Anixx

The linked Wikipedia article states: "The following Roman emperors were given the title of pharaoh, but only in Egypt. An Egyptian king list lists the Roman emperors as pharaohs up to and including Decius." So were they considered pharaohs in Egypt?

TED ♦

@Anixx - The "while in Egypt" is very important. A real pharaoh has important cerimonial functions that must be carried out personally. Hence, a ruler who does not live in Egypt cannot really be considered in the same class as the rest of the ancient pharaohs.