What is the most recorded song
Basic Music Production Course: The 4 Steps to Recording a Song
The music world has changed.
Decades ago, if you wanted to record an album as a musician ...
Did you and your band play your fingers bloody every night in bars and clubs ...
And prayedthat there is some important producer in the audience whom you impressed and who gave you a chance.
Nowadays, the trend in music production is always going in the direction Home studios.
Great music is in Bedrooms, Garages and Basements recorded by normal people ...
Often with little more than a computer, a USB microphone, and a pair of headphones.
Record a song, post it online, watch it go viral ... and you'll be famous overnight.
It's not that EASY, but it is is so easy.
But before that can happen, you have to first know how to actually record music.
That's why I've divided the process in this article into 4 steps ... by Beginning to end.
Let's get started …
Step 1: the recording
In the earliest days of music recording ...
The recording process was a lot easier than it is today.
Whole performances were recorded in individual takes, sometimes with just one or two microphones.
Today, however, we use a more sophisticated process: Multitrack recordings …
Each instrument is recorded individually and then all combined in a “mix”.
That offers two BIG advantages:
- Sound engineers can change the sound of any instrument independently of the others.
- Each instrument can be recorded individually.
With this new method, one person can do what used to require a whole team of engineers and musicians.
The individual steps vary from sound engineer to sound engineer ...
But basically it works like this:
1. Put on the guidetrack
The first step is to get one Leadership track that the other instruments can follow.
Most use a simple metronome to set a tempo. But since not all musicians can follow a click, you can too recorded drum loop use.
And since not all songs have a steady tempo, a third method is one Scratch track to have …
In which a or multiple instruments be recorded as a guide, then recorded individually "correctly" until the original track is deleted.scratched") can be.
2. Record the rhythm section
As every musician knows, that is Rhythm section the basis of every song. When the band plays together, everyone follows them Drums / bass.
Therefore, it makes sense that you record these instruments first.
For songs without drums or bass, other rhythmic instruments (e.g. Acoustic guitar) be used.
3. Record the harmonies
When you've built a solid foundation, next is that Chord structure on it.
Depending on the song, it can be one Rhythm guitar, a piano, synthesizer, horns, etc. be.
Now you have a basic chord structure, the next step is ...
4. Record the melodies
Since in most songs the melody is formed from a combination of different instruments ...
Does it make sense to use the most dominant (usually vocals / lead guitar) record first.
Then you can fill in the gaps with the supporting melodies.
Then there is only ...
5. Add "Color"
As a final treatment of your song, you add the little nuances that make up the main track character and Mood to lend.
Common examples are:
- Background singing
- Percussion fills
- Piano fills
- sampled sound effects
Can't you do it all by yourself?
You probably know that the hardest part of recording music is finding competent musicians to play all of these different instruments.
If you're lucky, you'll have a band ... or at least friends to help you out.
But many of us do NOT. In that case I recommend the website Fiverr, where you can find musicians who can help you out for little money ...
When you are done with that, you are ready for the next phase …
Step 2: editing
Now that you've finished recording your tracks, it's time to polish them up.
Because no matter how attentive you were to the last step ...
There are always a PAIR of mistakes that need to be corrected can and should …
Given the incredible editing tools offered by today's DAWs.
Usually the editing consists of 5 typical tasks.
- Noise Reduction
- Time editing
- Pitch editing
At the arrangement you look at everything you've done so far in terms of what works and what doesn't.
For example you could:
- Delete entire tracks that do not add any value
- Cut out portions of tracks that clutter the mix
- Move a part to a new place in the song
- Delete entire parts of the song
At the Comping you compare double takes of each track and choose the best. You can even do the best if you want sentences take from each take and combine to form a "Frankenstein take".
In the Noise Reduction you cut all the noises in front, to and between every section in which an instrument is played.
With that you remove:
- Voices in the background
- Noise from amplifiers
- Chair squeak
- Breath sounds
- Or simply unwanted surround sound
To further reduce the noise, you can use a high-pass filter below the lower frequency range of the non-bass-Insert instruments to remove rumble
At the Time editing you can with one of two methodsoff-beat Correct tones:
- Once the "Cut and paste“Method that works wonderfully on percussion instruments.
- And the "Time stretching“Method that is ideal for almost all instruments.
At the Pitch editing could you with Auto tune or similar programs, a wrong grade mend.
This is usually done for vocals, but also works well with melodic instruments.
That's it for the Editing process.
Go to the next step ...
Step 3: mix
When the tracks are arranged exactly the way you like them ...
Is the next goal to unite them into a coherent unit ... through the process of "Mixing“.
Mixing is an art form in its own right and there are many different options ...
But there are a few fundamental things that everyone does ...
Common examples are:
- Balance the volume control: So that no instrument sounds too loud or quiet in relation to the others.
- Panning: This gives each instrument its own place in theStereo image, just like every musician has his own place on stage Has.
- Equalization: Each instrument has its own place in the frequency spectrum so that no two sounds compete for the same frequency band.
- compression: Adjusts the dynamic range of an instrument so that every note can be heard clearly and the mix sounds louder overall.
- Hall / Reverb: Creates a three-dimensional space for the mix, adds depth and unites the instruments under one Surround sound.
- Automation: You can change the settings at various points in the song to give your mix a Move to give.
When you've used all of these tools and your mix Great sounds ...
Is it finally time for the last step ...
Step 4: mastering
Before your song can be mastered ...
Need all tracks to be a single stereo file put together to be "bounced"
When that is done, they become different Mastering techniques used to put the finishing touches to your song ...
So that he still better sounds.
Usual techniques are:
- Maximize the volume- through further compression and limiting - so that the average signal level over time is as high as possible without too much Sacrificing momentum.
- Balance frequencies, through more EQ and through Multi-band compression, the individual frequency bands can be compressed separately from the rest of the spectrum.
- Stereo wideningWith a special plug-in, an impression of “width” can be added to the higher frequencies in your mix.
If everything sounds perfect, the track is in its proper place Sample rate / bit depth changed. For example in CD quality: 44.1 kHz / 16 bits.
Do it yourself or outsource?
You see: mastering is difficult. And if you don't know exactly what you are doing, you can easily do something aggravate instead of improve.
That is why it is common for Mix engineers the work on a "Mastering Engineer“Outsource instead of doing it yourself.
But if you still want to try, I recommend the following programs:
Quality Mastering engineers cost money that not everyone has or wants to spend.
Fortunately, there are a lot of freelance sound engineers out there these days who work online for not very much money.
And as I mentioned earlier, is Fiverr a great way to find them.
Now the next question is ...
Is mastering always necessary?
Decades ago, when all studio recordings were meant for sale, was everything mastered.
Nowadays however ... where a lot of amateur recordings "just because" be made …
Home studios often do their own mastering or leave it out entirely. And that's OK.
If you only share your music with family and friends anyway, nobody cares.
- If you want to record music professionally, or ...
- You just want your work to sound as good as possible ...
Then mastering is a MUST.
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