How old is the Kaaba

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Kaaba means "cube" or "cube" and is the central sanctuary of Islam. The Kaaba is the house of God [baitullah] to which He invites all his guests. The Kaaba marks the direction of prayer [qibla] and is the center of the rites of pilgrimage [hajj]. It is located in the courtyard of the consecrated mosque [masjid-ul-haram] in Mecca.


Image: Floor plan of the Kaaba

The Kaaba is a 12 m x 10 m x 15 m building, but not exactly right-angled (see floor plan and 3D illustration).


Image: 3D illustration of the Kaaba

Nowadays the Kaaba is covered by the Kiswa. Colorful marble tiles cover the floor around the Kaaba. In the eastern of the four corners is the black stone [hadjar-ul-aswat] walled in approximately at chest level. The corner is named after the black stone. At this corner you start circling. In the direction of the circling follows the Iraqi corner, the Syrian corner and the Yemeni corner (see arrangement of the Kaaba).

Inside the Kaaba today there are three pillars that support the ceiling and a smaller room called the "Penance Room". The entrance is on the Abraham site side, between the corner of the black stone and the Iraqi corner. The gate to the Kaaba has been changed several times. The Kaaba inner cloth is attached to the inside.

Outside the Kaaba there is the Abraham site [maqam ibrahim], between this and the Kaaba one ideally walks around when circling. Also outside, on the side connected by the Iraqi and Syrian corners, is the wall of Ishmael [hijr ismail]. There is the grave of Hajjar and Ishmael (a.). And the Kaaba stands on a kind of pedestal that is supposed to symbolize the foundation stones.


Image: Arrangement of the Kaaba

In Islam, the Kaaba is the first place of worship that was built for the first time by the first man and prophet Adam (a.) (Cf. Holy Qur'an 3: 96-97). However, it was forgotten and fell into ruin. Abraham (a.) And his son Ishmael (a.) Were led to the site by divine revelation [wahy] and rebuilt it. The building acquired special significance because Abraham (a.) Is the progenitor of the great prophets of the Jews, Christians and Muslims.

Among the pagan Arabs, the religion of Abraham (a.) Fell into oblivion again, and the Kaaba became a place of pagan idol worship, filled with idols. Nevertheless, the descendants of Abraham (a.) And ancestors of the Prophet Muhammad (s.) Tried to preserve the sacred character of the building as far as possible. As the worship of idols increased, the image of Hubal was placed in the Kaaba. Gradually, other tribes also added their own idols. Only Prophet Muhammad (s.) Put an end to this with the destruction of idols in the Kaaba, which symbolizes that the destruction of idols is only possible with the Ahl-ul-Bait (a.).

The special meaning of the Ahl-ul-Bait (a.) Is also clear from the fact that in the year 598 AD. Imam Ali (a.) Was born within the Kaaba. He was the only person who received this honor. Hence the term Ahl-ul-Bait (a.) (People of the house of the Prophet Muhammad (s.)) Also means that they are the people of the house of God. When Imam Ali (a.) Became a martyr, he coined the phrase Lord of the Kaaba.

Although the Kaaba has been an Islamic sanctuary since the liberation of Mecca and it is absolutely forbidden [haram] to carry weapons in the region, it has been shot at several times and in some cases also damaged. The Ottoman Sultan Murat IV ordered a new building in 1630 AD after the walls collapsed during one of the floods of the Kaaba.

The Kaaba is mentioned directly in the Holy Qur'an under: "Allah has made the Kaaba, the inviolable house, a support and uprising (insurrection) for mankind, .." (5:97). It is mentioned indirectly in other places.

There was great bloodshed in the Kaaba during the Kaaba occupation in 1979.