How does age affect diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes - Challenges and Opportunities

Diabetes is a multifaceted disease that presents those affected, relatives and doctors with numerous challenges. If you or your loved ones have diabetes, an important step is to better understand the disease and what goes on in the body. In order to get diabetes under control, it is also very important to deal with yourself, your own lifestyle and habits. As a diabetic, you yourself have the chance to influence the course of the disease and deal with the disease on your own responsibility. On this website you will find a lot of information, advice and services related to diabetes to give you a better understanding and to help you manage the disease.

 

Overview of diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that leads to permanently high blood sugar levels. In Germany, diabetes has become a real widespread disease - over six million people are affected. Most of them - namely over 90% - have type 2 diabetes.
The tendency to type 2 diabetes is genetic. In addition, factors such as obesity and lack of exercise increase the risk of the disease. Around 80 to 90% of all diabetics are overweight. Almost a quarter are even seriously overweight (obese) - and the trend is rising.
In addition to type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disease, there are a number of other forms of diabetes, but these are very rare.

 

Type 2 diabetes: a complex disease

Type 2 diabetes is a form of diabetes that usually only occurs in adulthood. It used to be known as "adult diabetes". Nowadays, however, more and more younger people are affected because they have an increased risk of the disease due to being overweight and lack of exercise. Doctors are increasingly diagnosing the disease in children and adolescents.

The cause of the increased blood sugar level in type 2 diabetes is considered to be insulin resistance of the body cells. This means that they respond less and less to insulin until they finally become insensitive (resistant). The sugar in the blood can no longer get into the cells. If the blood sugar is high, this damages blood vessels and nerves in the long term.

Not only the acute complications are dangerous, but above all the secondary and concomitant diseases of diabetes such as heart attack, stroke, kidney weakness, retinal damage, erectile dysfunction. These can occur at a very early stage of diabetes - often even when pre-diabetes (a pre-diabetes stage) has only developed. Blood tests such as fasting blood sugar, oral glucose tolerance tests and long-term blood sugar (HbA1c-Value). Type 2 diabetes, however, is not helpless: you can effectively prevent type 2 diabetes by changing your lifestyle.