Was Epicurus a stoic

Keyword: stoics

A stoic is a follower of the philosophical school of the Stoa. It was made around 300 BC. BC by Zenon von Krition (approx. 336-264 BC) in Athens and, according to their place of assembly, a brightly painted foyer (Greek.stoa poikile) at the market square.

It was the fundamental belief of the Stoics that the whole world is based on reason and is permeated by an all-encompassing reason. For the Stoics, this reason is synonymous with God. As a being endowed with reason, man has a share in this reason and thus also in God (cf. Acts 17:28, where Paul quotes the Stoic poet Aratus.) Therefore, all human beings have the same rights.

The Stoics sought a life in harmony with nature. In order to achieve this, man must orient his entire life to the knowledge of his reason. Because reason is that part in man that - like nature - has a share in divine reason. It follows immediately that all passions and desires must be suppressed by reason. At the end there is a state of complete calm and serenity, which has become almost proverbial as "stoic calm".

Most Stoics also believed in the immortality of the soul, most clearly the Roman philosopher Seneca, who was a contemporary of Paul. Therefore, the Stoics were not as hostile to the idea of ​​the resurrection of the dead as the Epicureans. In Acts 17:32, people who want to hear more about the resurrection may refer to Stoics mentioned earlier (Acts 17:18).

Means the resurrection from death and eternal life with God in his kingdom.
Follower of the philosophical school of Epicurus of Samos. The Epicureans sought the way to a happy life. They were of the opinion that man is completely self-determined and that his life is not already predetermined.