A bullet can ricochet off the ground

Bullet trap - accident prevention regulations in hunting grounds

Date: 24.02.2017

Notes on UVV accident prevention regulations of the agricultural trade association - regulations for safety and health protection VSG 4.4:

A shot may only be fired when the shooter has made sure that no one is endangered.
If there are people in dangerous proximity, you must neither hit nor shoot in their direction. Pulling a firearm through the shooter or driver line is not permitted.

Implementation instruction

A hazard is z. B. then given if
- People can be injured by projectiles or projectile parts that ricochet off stones, frozen ground, branches, bodies of water or the body of the game or are distracted when the body of the game penetrates through them,
- There is insufficient bullet trap when shooting with single bullets.

Decisive for the rebound behavior of hunting ammunition are, among other things, the trajectory, the bounce level, the residual mass / residual energy in speed, the ground / subsurface and the angle of impact. In order to avoid a ricochet with the greatest possible safety, the firing angle must not fall below 10 degrees from ballistic experience even on soft ground. 10 degrees is a standard that a projectile is not deflected and still penetrates the ground or can penetrate with the greatest possible security.

The shallower an angle of impact, the greater the likelihood that a projectile will ricochet and not penetrate the ground. With a standing impact on flat ground, 10 degrees means that the projectile hits the ground at approx. 8 m.

Above this critical angle, the projectiles begin to get stuck in the ground, below the critical angle they bounce off. The explanation for this is determined by the hydrodynamic effect (cf. water column), in which a projectile is pushed out of the water again after penetration, the same behavior also occurs with natural soil (ball crack).

The proximity of the bullet trap to the actual target is very important for the bullet trap.

The closer the bullet trap is to the target, the smaller it can be to be effective. The further away it is from the target, the larger the bullet trap has to be in order to be able to pick up projectile fragments.
Notes: You may only shoot sharply in the possible vicinity of people if it can be assumed with certainty or almost certainly that no person can be hit directly by the shot or by ricochets. The shot must be fired in a direction in which the area in which the shot was fired can be seen up to the range of the projectile.

If you have technical questions on the subject of bullet trap or any other topic in the field of appraisers in hunting, our team at the appraisal institute will be happy to assist you.

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