How are square feet measured on apartments

Calculate living space / usable area - example

Do you want to rent an apartment or build or sell a house? Then it is important that you differentiate between the three terms: total area, built-up area and usable area. In order to determine the price or to see the limits of your property, it is important to understand the great importance of the concepts. The area of ​​an apartment should always be shown as living space. The built-up area of ​​a property is usually meant by the base area. For example, if a house is built on an area of ​​120 m2, then this is the floor area, but not the living space. The usable area is areas that are not living spaces, such as offices and storage rooms.

Why calculate the living space of an apartment?

Although the area of ​​an apartment should always be shown as living space, this is not always the case. For example, this is usually not planned when selling a house. The living space calculation is only used in certain real estate deals that relate to the measurement of living space, especially: When an empty or furnished apartment is considered the tenant's primary residence. The landlord is obliged to specify the living area in the rental agreement. This is about protecting tenants if they want to apply for a rent reduction. What actually counts for living space? This is where things get interesting. Because not everyone knows that the garage and the staircase as well as the cellar and the storage rooms for the bicycles are not part of the living space. The living area includes the living room and bedroom, the hallway, the kitchen, the bathroom and the toilet. In other words, all rooms that are actually used for residential purposes. Conservatories, swimming pools and storage rooms as well as other areas closed off from the outside are usable areas and are therefore only counted to 50 percent. Glazed (but unheated) Balconies, roof gardens and terraces are often up to 50 percent of the living space.

Special cases of sloping ceilings

Half of the area under the roof must have a clear height of 2.20 to 2.40 meters. If the roof pitch only reaches a ceiling height of one meter or less, the area in question does not count as living space at all. Unheated conservatories are not counted as living space; if they are heated, half of them are referred to as living space.

How is the living space measured?

It is best to divide the house or apartment into several measurable rectangles. The more rectangles, the better. Then the lengths and widths of each rectangle are measured. Dimensions are rounded down to the nearest 0.5 linear foot. You can use a standard tape measure to do this. With a cross line laser, this is not only easier, but also a lot more accurate. Some of the line lasers calculate the areas automatically. If you have the Multiply length by width, you get the area in square meters. The dimensions are noted in the appropriate place on the sketch. At the end, all of the rectangles are added together and rounded to the nearest square foot. Chimneys and cladding are removed. Free-standing pillars and columns that are higher than 1.50 meters and larger than 0.1 square meters are also removed. It is the same with stairs with more than three inclines and with door, window and wall niches that do not reach the floor. It should also be noted that the outer walls do not belong to the living and usable area. The measurements are taken from the inside of the walls above the baseboards. Skirting and skirting strips are just as much a part of living space as permanently installed ovens, heating and air conditioning devices. Shower trays and existing built-in furniture are also included. Renters and buyers of an apartment or house should make sure they get what they pay for. Remember that only those rooms belong to the living area that can be heated all year round. Heated garages or workrooms are not included.

When calculating the living space, there are a few things to consider

This guide has already stated that rooms such as vacant attics, cellars, garages and sheds do not count towards living space. The same applies to unglazed terraces and balconies as well as verandas. However, as already mentioned, heated and cooled interiors such as bedrooms, bathrooms and living rooms as well as closed, heatable terraces belong to the living area. Even a finished attic room, if it has the necessary height (has already been noted here), that is, if the ceilings are high enough, belongs to the living space. In addition, all interiors and entrances as well as closed and heated utility rooms.

What is part of the usable area of ​​a house or apartment?

A kitchen is both living space and usable area. The bathroom, the anteroom, the living room and bedroom as well as other heatable areas are to be assigned to the living space. Stairs and boiler rooms are again so-called traffic areas. Unheated balconies and terraces are only counted 50 percent of the living space. Areas that are usable but not habitable are considered usable areas in this country. They are divided into the following areas: living, offices, production, medical practices, training rooms, storage and sales rooms as well as other usable areas. Cellars and attics are also part of the usable space, provided they are not developed as living spaces. In addition, the garbage room and the parking lot as well as the garge count as usable areas.