How do I make a perfect presentation
10 tips for a presentation
1. The preparation of the presentation
Preparation is the basis of a successful presentation. The better it is, the better the presentation will be. This is why you should make sure that you have mastered your lecture or presentation topic down to the smallest detail. So there is nothing to worry about in the event of technical queries.
It helps many before a presentation if they memorize their text so that they do not forget important aspects. However, this approach does not only have advantages. This makes you seem very stiff and unfocused too quickly. Ideally, you are so interested in the topic that it is fun to deal with it and to build up the presentation step by step. In this case, it is often no longer necessary to memorize anything, as the content is automatically memorized.
2. Things that can go wrong
You shouldn't leave anything to chance before giving a presentation. Even if the PowerPoint presentation should actually be on the laptop, it is better to bring it with you on a USB stick. For those who have little experience in giving presentations, it is advisable to play through the entire presentation several times at home. Use all technical means that are planned. You should stop the time so that the actual length of the lecture does not significantly exceed the specification.
Speaking of time: Better to be half an hour early in the seminar room than two minutes too late. Being in the room half an hour earlier gives you enough time to set up everything according to your ideas and to familiarize yourself with the surroundings.
3. What do I want to achieve with my presentation?
Defining a goal that is to be achieved is just as important as preparing the content of a presentation. Depending on the topic of the lecture, the aim is often to unite the audience logical argumentation to deliver, e.g. B. if it is a pro or con presentation.
In contrast to a speech, a presentation is more factual. While a speech should mostly be structured according to the five pillars of rhetoric (inventio = finding the arguments, dispositio = structuring the material, elocutio = linguistic design, memoria = learning, actio = lecture), there are fewer limits to a presentation, so the The use of laptops, projectors etc. gives a lot of room for maneuver.
4. Your own appearance
Even the best presentation cannot save a bored speaker. He is responsible for guiding the audience through the topic or issue. He should appear competent and prepared.
Before giving a presentation, what many people worry most about being nervous is that they become tangled or lose the thread. However, these fears are unfounded if your own appearance is well planned and prepared. This also includes the Preparation of the index cardswhich are a helpful reminder during the lecture. Don't label them too small or clutter them, as they will only make things worse. Another nice side effect of the cards: if you are afraid that you will speak too quickly or forget to smile because of the excitement, you can simply mark yourself pauses for breath, e.g. with the word "breathing", and paint small smileys.
5. The presentation
Your own appearance and content are rounded off by the design of the presentation, e.g. with PowerPoint. A presentation of 10 to 15 minutes (depending on the occasion and topic) should not contain more than 15 slides. In addition, like the index cards, the transparencies should not be overloaded. Overfilled slides can cause the listener to be taken by surprise and no longer pay attention.
The content of the slides is also very important. It makes no sense if the slides are simply read out on the overhead projector or in the PowerPoint presentation. The audience can do that themselves if they want to. Rather, it makes sense to coordinate the content of the slides and your own presentation so that both complement each other perfectly.
Another important part is the design component. If there are so many technical possibilities nowadays, then you should also use them to your advantage, as long as you do not overwhelm the listener / viewer with stimuli. You can experiment with effects and colors as long as it makes the content clearer. Of course, it is also advisable to adapt the colors and effects to the theme.
6. The entry
A good start will immediately secure the audience's attention. The audience does not want to be taken by surprise, but to be slowly introduced to the topic. For this purpose it is often advisable to use the Start the lecture with an open introductory questionthrough which the audience is directly involved and can make their own thoughts on the topic.
7. Structure of the presentation
Not only does the introduction need to be well thought out, the structure of the complete presentation is also important. Five steps can serve as a rough guide: Introduce introduction, problem / topic and structure of the presentation, main part, conclusion, literature list. For some presentations, a subsequent discussion round is recommended, which can be stimulated by specific questions at the end of the lecture.
8. Speaker and audience
The same principles of communication apply to the relationship between you and your audience as to any other communication situation between people. As a speaker, you have various aspects of the presentation in your own hands. This is where thepositive Body language plays an important role that says a lot about your own self-confidence. Someone who exudes restlessness because he regularly stares frantically at his index cards or possibly playing around with a pen in hand, will also experience a restless audience.
The voice is closely related to body language. If the voice is calm and slow thanks to the tips already mentioned under "Your own performance", the audience will have the patience to listen. Hands in your pockets are an absolute no-go during a presentation. If you don't know where to put your hands, then index cards or the remote control for the laptop offer you a hold. Another important point between the speaker and the audience is that Eye contact. If you take a look at the faces of your audience on a regular basis, you can also tell whether the information is getting through.
9. Be authentic
Just as the audience can sense whether someone is well prepared or not, they will also sense whether you are authentic or trying to play a role. Anyone who pretends to be insecure and uncertainty again shakes the quality of the presentation. So: be yourself!
10. A successful ending
After you are sure that all important aspects have been mentioned, you should come to the end. There are also several variants here. The easiest thing to do is to say thank you for the audience's attention on your last slide and then ask the audience's questions afterwards.
In addition, the end of the presentation is also the moment in which the handouts should be distributedif there are any. In the end it's worth it Look around, because most of the time you can see now at the latest how your presentation was received by the audience.
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