What is reasoning in psychology

Arguments for a psychology of the reflective subject: paradigm shift from behavioral to epistemological image of man

[Monograph]

Abstract

The rule of behaviorism in psychology is broken! That is the initial thesis of this book, which is specified in the context of the model of revolutionary scientific development (Kuhn) as an assertion of a paradigm shift. The reasoning is not limited to the proof of ... more

The rule of behaviorism in psychology is broken! That is the initial thesis of this book, which is specified in the context of the model of revolutionary scientific development (Kuhn) as an assertion of a paradigm shift. The argument is not limited to the proof of the decline of behaviorism, but also constructively indicates the possible new paradigm: as the psychology of the reflective subject, which, like the scientist, (subjective) theories, reviews, evaluates. The outline of such a psychology of the epistemic subject from a general, social, pedagogical and clinical-psychological aspect primarily addresses: the rationality of reflections, norm criticism and justification in the exchange of scientific and naive theories as well as the consideration of reflexivity in therapeutic Practice. The return of these psychological-metatheoretical perspectives to the philosophy of science also leads to a new conception of science: e.g. the integration of hermeneutic and empirical methodology as well as the need for evaluation analysis and legitimation. The book is important for all psychologists, educators and sociologists who are interested in a new phase of empirical social science, in which the 'object' understanding is not based on the concept of science ... less

Thesaurus keywords
social norm; Science; Everyday theory; Behaviorism; Image of man; Development; Psychology; Paradigm; Legitimation; Rating; Epistemology; Model; Cognition; Philosophy of science; Behavior theory; psychological theory; Subject; Reflexivity; Modification; Knowledge

classification
General, specific theories and schools, methods, development and history of psychology

method
Theory building; Basic research

Language document
German

Year of publication
1977

publishing company
Steinkopff

Place of publication
Darmstadt

Page reference
249 pp.

Series of publications
Psychology and Society, 4

ISBN
3-7985-0491-1

status
Release version; appraised

License
Creative Commons - Attribution, Noncommercial, NoDerivs