What learning strategies do fast learners pursue?
Tips & learning strategies: Train your long-term memory
In order for information to be stored in long-term memory, the brain must have recognized it as important. We can suggest this importance to our brain through multiple repetitions, among other things.
Learning strategies for a better long-term memory
If you want to memorize knowledge, for example for an exam, you have to convince your brain that the selected information is important. The best way to do this is to create a reference to existing knowledge, an emotion or an experience for the topic. How certain learning strategies can be used to effectively learn and save content even shortly before the exam, explains Dr. phil. Kathrin Schütz:
There are several long-term learning strategies that memory athletes work with, for example the loci method. With this method, content is linked to one another using a fictitious structure. For example, one thinks of one's home or a familiar route and stores the contents to be remembered in certain places in one's head (locus is Latin for place / place). “We don't have time for such a cumbersome method before exams, so it has to be faster,” says Kathrin Schütz.
The so-called encoding specificity is better suited for effective learning. “The circumstances in which we learn have an impact on how well we can access what we have learned. Where you learn something has an impact on how you reproduce something, ”says Schütz. In concrete terms, this means: If I've learned something on the beach, I can remember it better on the beach than at my desk.
So learning is best done in an environment that is similar to that in the exam situation. “In any case, you should switch off the TV and cell phone and calmly build up a little stress for yourself. It is also worthwhile to write down the tasks yourself on a piece of paper, as in an exam, first leave it upside down on the table and then answer the questions within a certain time. In the best case scenario, you can also practice this in the university's rooms, ”recommends Kathrin Schütz. Lectures and lectures should also be given aloud to an audience beforehand. The encoding-specificity also explains why food brought along from vacation no longer tastes so good at home or why the music no longer sounds so good.
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