What is the language of Tamil

Interesting facts about the Tamil language

வணக்கம் [wanakkam] is Tamil and is called Hello!
Where do you speak Tamil?
Tamil (or Tamil) is spoken by over 70 million people. Most of the speakers live in Tamil Nadu, a state in southern India. In addition to Hindi and English, Tamil is a regionally recognized official language there. The language has the same status in the Indian state of Puducherry. Tamil is also one of the official languages ​​in Sri Lanka and Singapore.
Other larger groups of speakers of Tamil also live in Malaysia, South Africa, Mauritius, Germany and Vietnam.
Tamil: a Dravidian language
Tamil is part of the Dravidian (or Dravidian) language family. Tamil is one of the languages ​​with the largest number of speakers from this group. It is closely related to Malayalam, which is native to the Indian state of Kerala. Other Dravidian languages ​​are for example Telugu, Kannada and Irula.
Tamil - classical and modern language at the same time
Tamil can look back on a literary history spanning over 2000 years. The oldest surviving evidence of Tamil are stone inscriptions from the year 245 BC. From the time after that, many important works have survived that deal with the grammar of Tamil.
In addition to this ancient writing tradition, Tamil is a modern and functional language that has adapted flexibly to the changing times. In Tamil, in addition to vocabulary borrowings from Sanskrit, there are also many new words that come from English.
The Tamil script
Tamil is put on paper in its own script, the so-called Tamil script. This script or the alphabet of Tamil is one of the so-called Abugida scripts / alphabets. Abugida are mixed forms of a pure alphabet and a syllabary. The Tamil script is structured as follows: Only the consonants of the language are written as letters. Every consonant always has the vowel a. If a consonant is to be combined with another vowel, a diacritical mark is added to the consonant to identify the vowel.
Tamil has 18 symbols for consonants and 12 diacritical symbols, each of which stands for a specific vowel. The combination of this inventory of characters results in 216 different connections with which Tamil is written.
Of course you will find the Tamil script in the Tamil course from Sprachenlernen24. To make it easier for you to learn and read the letters and combinations, you will always find a description of the script in Latin letters. This transcription is based very much on pronunciation, so that you will certainly quickly be able to repeat the Tamil native speaker that you will hear during the language course.
Tamil - one language, two major variants, and numerous dialects
Another peculiarity of Tamil is that the high-level language, as it is written, differs greatly from the language actually spoken. Linguists speak of a so-called Diglossia-Situation. In the entire language area of ​​Tamil, the speakers differentiate according to the function in which they are currently using the language (e.g. in a literary text, in a letter to an authority, in conversation with friends and relatives, etc.) and use one of the two different variants .
In addition to these two major variants, there are also numerous dialects in Tamil. There are also so-called sociolects, i.e. language variants that are limited to certain social classes.
In the Tamil course from Sprachenlernen24 we show you the standard of the spoken variant of Tamil. Because with this language course you would like to get to know the actually spoken language and be understood by as many people as possible that you will meet on your travels.
Tamil Express Course:
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Tamil Dictionary:
Over 450 entries