How do you start writing

Writing a bachelor thesis | Approach & examples

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Write the prologue for the bachelor thesis

On the computer, you open a file in the word processing program and start typing text using the keyboard. In your head you have a more or less clear idea of ​​what the finished text should look like, you are more or less motivated to write (Kruse 2007: 36-37).

Do you recognize yourself and your starting position here? Then this post is just right for you to shed some light on the darkness of the How do I write one bachelor thesis or housework? What do you have to consider when writing? and to let the “more or less clear idea” emerge into a work that will impress your proofreader.

After all, it is in the case of a bachelor thesis or House work not that it is “simply about writing something down, but about a complex act of writing” (Kruse 2007: 37). For this very reason, some very important preliminary work is required. While this sounds surprising, the writing process as such is only the tip of the iceberg. We help you to write your bachelor thesis with these valuable tips and information!

Also useful: Rhetorical medium

Tip: Take enough time to prepare! If writing is difficult for you, or if you don't see a specific goal yet, this is a sure sign that your preparation phase has not yet been completed.

frequently asked Questions

The bachelor thesis is a scientific piece of work that you write at the end of your studies. It is about setting up a research question and answering it or evaluating the knowledge gained.

Note:In our area scientific writing there are other posts with valuable tips!

Before you start writing your bachelor thesis, there are still some preparations that you should make. This includes the Finding a topic, formulating a clear research question and finding a supervisor.

Another important part of the preparation is the literature research. It may also be helpful to create a schedule. Only now is it time to write your work.

The bachelor thesis should be easy to understand but written on a good scientific level. Essentially, it is about putting recognized theories and findings on your research question into their own context. When writing the bachelor thesis, it should be ensured that a so-called red thread runs through the entire work. From the introduction to the main part to the conclusion.

You can find all information about studying in our Knowledge magazine!

Preparation when writing the bachelor thesis

In fact, a few steps are necessary before you can start writing yourself, which even take more time overall. Karmesin & Ribing recommend allocating around “30% for writing and reflection phases” (2014: 33). This may seem surprising, but one that is promising bachelor thesis or housework is preceded by a few work steps that have little to do with actually putting something on paper. Once the preparatory work is done, you can write your bachelor thesis and use the time effectively!

Preparation includes finding a topic, formulating a clear research question and looking for a supervisor. There is also a detailed one Literature research and their evaluation. If an empirical data collection is carried out, the collection must also be planned and the data processed and analyzed afterwards. This post should therefore be one of the last that you read, that is, you have observed all of the above and are now ready to move into the first final phase of the bachelor thesis or master thesis to go: A blank Word document awaits you. Nevertheless, everything is already so well planned that all you have to do is write your bachelor thesis.

Also useful:The Harvard citation style at a glance

Write a bachelor thesis with this checklist!

  • Find a suitable supervisor
  • Finding a topic
  • Formulating the research question
  • Literature research
  • Evaluation of literature research; sift through suitable material
  • Preparation / implementation of a data collection (if necessary to work on the topic)
  • Analyze and evaluate collected data
  • Time management (deadline: how do I have to plan in order to meet this?)

Write the writing style for your bachelor thesis

What is now most important for writing? Krämer sums this up perfectly: “Bad writers write in such a way that the good-willed reader will understand you correctly can. Good writers write in such a way that even the malicious reader will understand you correctly got to"(2009: 99). What is meant here relates to the comprehensibility of the text, both in terms of the linguistic design and the clarity of the structure of the work. In addition, the logic of the argumentation plays an important role (see Winter 2005: 61 ff.). If you want to write your bachelor thesis and want to get a good grade for it, you should write it in an easy-to-understand way and at the appropriate scientific level.

!!To avoid: True to the principle "Why easy when it can be cumbersome?" To make the text difficult to understand and barely comprehensible.

The bottom line is that all of this should make a valuable contribution to research: So you should create something “of your own”, but still refer to the opinion of others and identify foreign ideas as such. How can this be done when writing the bachelor thesis? Would you like to "add your mustard" or not?

Personal contribution to the bachelor thesis

Performing one's own work means above all to “quote recognized theories and opinions”, i.e. “to include the knowledge of other authors in one's own work, either as evidence or suitable for the context or even in contradiction” (Karmasin & Ribing 2014: 35). In concrete terms, this is an opinion formed on the basis of reading scientific articles and the findings of established scientists.

Precisely for this reason, it has little to do with one's own opinion: one's own performance consists only of bringing the statements and findings of others into a new context or of collecting data yourself. This, too, is based on the findings of the predecessor and “in your efforts something should come out that you did not know beforehand” (Krämer 2009: 14).

Shortly: The personal contribution is made through the development and restructuring of already known knowledge or the implementation of a empirical research provided. The latter is used to obtain new data and to make a new contribution to research.

Doing this yourself is a must and you demonstrate that you are able to form a qualified opinion on the basis of reading scientific literature on a specific topic; a qualified opinion, which is also critical of the sources used and the results of your own data analysis. You have to take all of this into account when writing your bachelor thesis!

Tip: Discuss with your supervisor to what extent your own assessment of the problem is desired. In general, however, opinions / personal feelings are not part of a scientific work!

Personal performance vs. own opinion

The purpose of the bachelor thesis is to “work on a professionally relevant question independently and according to scientific criteria” (Samac, Prenner & Schwetz 2009: 17). What is meant by the term independence or what is actually required when people talk about their own performance? Even more important is: Does it have something to do with your own opinion or should it never be part of a scientific paper?

Opinions differ, especially when it comes to including one's own opinion, but first of all, one's own contribution must be clearly demarcated. Because this has absolutely nothing to do with your personal opinion. The personal contribution when writing a bachelor thesis is also the compilation of relevant arguments from various sources.

Tip: Create bibliography in Word with video tutorial

Core topics of the bachelor thesis

Here is an overview of important aspects that you should definitely consider when writing your bachelor thesis. They all have one thing in common: They should help to make the text reader-friendly and reader-oriented, so that it can do your work, even with the dissertation considers relevant, valuable. With regard to your proofreader, of course, above all that he likes to read benevolently and that you get a good grade. So it will definitely be worth reading these various individual posts:

titleIn a nutshell: what is this about?
1. The common thread in scientific workThe Red thread denotes the logical structure / structure of the text. The author's central thoughts should run like a red thread through the text ”(cf. Theisen 2013: 117).
How do I bring a common thread into my work?
2. Footnotes in scientific papersFootnotes with notesto enrich the text and to explore all possibilities, but at the same time not to disturb the flow of reading
Footnotes with notes: When, how often and where do I use them?
3. To say something through the flower: in the fight against “unscientific” subjectivityScientifically objective be and prove your own competence. The I-reference: allowed or a “no go”?
What is Scientific Objectivity?
4. Scientific writing styleLinguistic design: what to avoid and what constitutes the scientifically objective style
Which linguistic resources should be used in academic writing?
5. Building up scientific reasoningcontext between the chosen material, the method which is used to analyze the formation of Hypotheses and the necessary supporting documents
How do I argue scientifically and how do I include secondary sources?
Tip: Have you read and internalized all of the articles in a concentrated manner, but are you still sitting in front of a blank sheet of paper? Do you find it difficult to find a beginning, even though you actually know how one or the other passage should be designed? This is really not a shame and you are not alone with this! So click on quickly and find a remedy with the emergency kit: Help, an empty Word document is staring at me!


  • Before the writing process for the bachelor thesis or term paper can begin, good preparation is essential. This ranges from the search for a supervisor to the Literature research and, depending on the question, up to data collection.
  • Scientific work requires you to do your own work, i.e. you should form a qualified, critical opinion on the basis of specialist literature
  • Personal performance is not to be equated with your own opinion! This generally has no place in a scientific paper.
  • Important core topics of scientific writing are: the common thread in a scientific paper, footnotes as annotations, objectivity instead of subjectivity, linguistic design through rhetorical medium and the correct structure of scientific argumentation.
  • All these individual aspects should help you to literally take your reader by the hand: through an understandable, easily readable text that brings new knowledge and makes a valuable contribution to research in your subject area.

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Karmasin, Matthias & Rainer Ribing. 2014. The design of scientific work. 8th edition Vienna: Facultas.

Kruse, Otto. 2007.Don't be afraid of the blank sheet - without writer's block through your studies. 12th edition Frankfurt: Campus.

Kramer, Walter. 2009.How do I write a term paper or thesis? 3rd edition Frankfurt: Campus.

Samac, Klaus, Monika Prenner & Herbert Schwetz. 2009.The bachelor thesis at the university andUniversity of Applied Sciences. Vienna: Facultas.

Theisen, Manuel René. 2013.Scientific work - Successful in Bachelor andmaster thesis. Munich: Franz Vahlen.

Winter, Wolfgang. 2005.Writing scientific papers. 2nd edition Frankfurt: Redline Economy.

about the author

Bianca Mohr

Bianca Mohr (M. A.) is a doctoral candidate and research assistant at the University of Erfurt. During her studies at the University of Würzburg, she worked as a tutor and was able to gain years of experience in giving students an introduction to scientific work and providing personal advice. She is doing her doctorate in the field of "early bilingualism". She also holds seminars for Bachelor students on the topics of early multilingualism and early second language acquisition. Ms. Mohr gives scientific guidelines on the subject of "Writing theses".