What do mantas eat


The Manta (devil ray)

Manta birostris

Family: eagle rays (Myliobatidae)

The devil ray lives in the warmer oceans. You can meet him both on the coast and in the open sea. Although, like the other rays, it spends most of its time dozing quietly on the sea floor, it is observed more often than the other species on the surface.

Mantas move differently than the other rays. Most species of rays swim with undulating movement of their pectoral fins. Instead, mantas use their fins like wings. This allows them to make acrobatic movements underwater. They can also jump up to 1.5 m above the surface of the water, after which they clap the water again with a loud bang.

Mantas are 3-5 m long, their fin span is 4.5-7 m, sometimes they become even larger.

The mantas have two huge lateral fins and two skin flaps ("head fins") on their heads that look like two large paddles. He uses them to feed food into his mouth with a stream of water. Mantas eat shrimp and other plankton, and now and then also small fish. They use their gill system as a filter, both for feeding and for breathing.

Adult mantas weigh up to 2000 kg.

Mantas can mate all year round, they grow up around the age of 5.


Text: Arne Do. (Neukirchen, 10 years), Torben St. (Neukirchen, 10 years),
Kalle Be. (Nuremberg, age 9)
Drawing: Sina Ro. (11 y.)


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Last update of this page: August 20, 2015

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