In which years were silver groschen minted?
Lots of good groschen - the first coin hoard from Teltow
When excavating the construction pit for an apartment building in Potsdamer Strasse in Teltow, the excavator shovel smashed a vessel and some coins fell into the sand. At this point in time, it was not possible to suspect that over 400 coins were hidden in the vessel. The 15 cm high pot covered with the bottom of another vessel is typical of the 16th and 17th centuries. At that time, the long side of the property bordered the city wall.
In the pot there were only silver groschen from the period between 1539 and 1633, each weighing a little less than 2 g with a diameter of about 20 mm. 261 of the coins date between 1572 and 1609. They were minted in different mints, such as in the Grafschaft Schaumburg, in the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, in Göttingen, Hameln and Ravensberg. In addition to these coins, which come from today's Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein, 17 come from Magdeburg and only five from Brandenburg. Another 44 coins date from the Thirty Years' War between 1623 and 1633. The minters were the Electors of Saxony and Brandenburg. The remaining coins could not yet be determined.
In 1633 the last coin was put into the pot. In 1634 imperial troops plundered Teltow. The coins may have been hidden in advance of these events. The former owner was apparently no longer able to recover his coin assets, so that it did not come to light again until 380 years later.
Coins from 1610 to 1622 are missing. This period is marked by an extreme deterioration in coins ("tipper and wipper period"). Many new mints emerged that only used existing silver coins to reissue them with the same coin value, but with less precious metal and more copper content - more money was made out of existing money and this led to inflation. Since 1623 "good groschen" were minted again, which also includes the Teltower coins.
Groschen were small coin values for the regional market. 400 silver groschen were an important asset in the 17th century. A carpenter made seven groschen a day and a pair of shoes cost 18 groschen. There can be several reasons why the coins cover a period of 62 years until deposit. Sure, some of the assets were amassed over several generations, but the long period also testifies to the value of "good" groschen - regardless of their age.
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