Why is classical music called classical music

Classical music

Classical music is the European tradition of art music. It covers the period from 1730 to 1850 and is divided into the phases of the Pre and Early Classical period from 1730 to 1770 and the Viennese Classical period from 1770 to 1830. Then the transitions flow to the romantic era, which had its phase in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

A brief overview

The name of classical music

The name of classical music is often used in a different context. In general, the name is used for European art music. This includes the epochs of early music - from the music of the Middle Ages to the Renaissance to Baroque music - the classical and romantic music. Serious music and light music differentiate these directions, because different cultures of the present such as classical music from Turkey, Arabia, India and China are not meant here. Nevertheless, the term classical music offers a differentiation from pop music.

Composers and their techniques

Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert composed in the Viennese Classic. They combined the folk song with baroque polyphony and thus developed an elegant style that also made use of French and Italian genres. Music experts describe the peculiarities of this music by the following procedures: obligatory accompaniment, openwork style and motivic-thematic work. The main sonata form is used more individually.

Vienna - the origin of Viennese classical music

The multi-layered musical culture of the city of Vienna replaced the predominant cities of Paris and London, which were famous for their operas and public concerts, in the second half of the 18th century. The arrival of Mozart in Austria's capital decided the city's popularity. Joseph Haydn and Mozart influenced each other in their compositions. After Mozart's death Vienna became popular, so that Beethoven also wanted to develop his future career in this city.

Characteristic features

Curlicues and decorations have been simplified and new, taut shapes have been created. The content of the pieces of music also dealt with things that took place outside the church, because the importance of the church also took a back seat. 'The Moonlight Sonata' by Beethoven, 'Clair de Lune' by Claude Debussy, 'Ave Maria' by Franz Schubert and 'Für Elise' by Ludwig van Beethoven are famous and well-known works of the classical era.

Further interesting information on the subject of classical music can be found on the pages

Source: Photo by Manuel Nägeli on Unsplash