Could Japan have won WWII

What if Hitler had won the war?

He's back again, the "eternal" Hitler, even if only in the film: In 1947 the Führer and his allies won the war. The Germans now rule over all of Europe and Africa, the Near and Middle East and parts of Central and South America. Japan rules the rest of the world. The United States has divided the victorious powers: the Japanese are in charge on the west coast, in the east the Germans rule in the "Greater Nazi Reich", which can continue its racist policy there. At least that's how the makers of the US television series "The Man in the High Castle" came up with it - the third season started at the beginning of the year.

This scenario may sound bizarre, but it fits into the picture of a Nazi horror world made in Hollywood.

But what would have happened if Hitler had actually won the war?

As for the military conquests, a three-stage plan was envisaged. What it looked like, the German publicist Ralph Giordano described in his book "If Hitler had won the war" (Verlag Kiepenheuer & Witsch). Stage one provided for German supremacy from the Atlantic to the Urals. In stage two this rule should be extended to Africa. Finally, in stage three, the "final battle" with the USA would have followed.

Would Hitler have had a "final battle"?

After a victory over the Soviet Union, Hitler could have devoted himself entirely to the struggle against Great Britain and the United States. And Hitler originally actually believed in a quick victory over Stalin. "As early as July 1941 they wanted to switch armaments to the naval and air forces. That was clearly directed against the two naval powers," says historian Johannes Hürter from the Institute for Contemporary History in Munich.

Would Hitler really have waged the war indefinitely - until the "final battle" against the USA? Possibly. Perhaps he would have been satisfied with "only" ruling Eurasia - as a world power alongside the USA. "Although it was not clear what role Great Britain should play," says Hürter. "Hitler thought that Britain could perhaps be integrated into the new order as a junior partner."

The plans for settlement policy in the east are already formulated more clearly once Moscow has been defeated. The Germans wanted to settle an ethnically homogeneous population there - excluding the Jews. After advancing to the Urals, German settlers were supposed to secure these areas. These "fortified farmers" would live in their "fortified villages" along a gigantic motorway. The farmers would of course also fulfill their "ethnic" duties there and provide for purely German offspring.

A strictly regulated life

The "General Plan Ost" envisaged the "Germanization", enslavement, murder or deportation of the native population to Siberia. According to this, up to 50 million people would have been "removed" in order to gain space for ten million settlers from the German Reich. The local population should also be deliberately kept at a low level of education. The non-German children would not have learned much more than to write their own name and solve simple arithmetic problems. The implementation of such plans could well be trusted by the Nazi regime, as the construction of the national socialist death machine with its concentration and extermination camps has shown.

But it was also important for Hitler to implement a new architecture. In Berlin, the future "Germania", as in other metropolises, they wanted to roll down entire districts and erect pompous monumental buildings in their place.

The life of the Germans would have been strictly regulated. As Giordano writes, Hitler, who ate hardly any meat himself, planned "to withdraw meat from the Wehrmacht's menu (since this withdrawal allegedly applied to the victorious Roman legions) and to make the Germans a nation of tobacco abstainers". One wanted to push back the Christian faith and weaken the Catholic Church - among other things by installing counter-popes.

Two women per man - double marriage under Hitler

In view of the many fallen Wehrmacht soldiers and the resulting shortage of men, double marriage should be introduced - two women for each man. The Germans themselves, provided they were healthy and strong, should reproduce abundantly. After all the wars and the work done, the Führer wanted to spend the last time of his life in Linz.

Could such a realm of horror really have endured? In any case, the new order in Hitler's empire would have been based solely on violence. Presumably for this reason the Nazi empire would sooner or later have perished, just like other empires that could only have existed for a while through oppression, as the collapse of the communist Eastern bloc in 1989 showed. Historian Hürter says there was also resistance to Nazi rule across Europe and Germany. "And if the Wehrmacht had won the war, the military leadership would have been equipped with a completely different self-confidence. The Wehrmacht might even have become a domestic political power factor, but of course that has to remain pure speculation."

This speculation about the possible consequences of an Adolf Hitler victory continues. The subject is particularly popular in the United States and Great Britain - in the entertainment and film industries as well as in "counterfactual" history.

In reality, of course, the defeat of the German Reich became apparent in the third year of the war at the latest. In order to gain the desired "living space" in the east, Hitler had started the attack on Russia on June 22, 1941 (Operation "Barbarossa"), despite the non-aggression pact with Josef Stalin. However, the advance of the Germans to just before Leningrad and Moscow was stopped by mud, snow and freezing cold. The "Blitzkrieg" hit series was over. From 1942 Hitler Germany faced an overpowering alliance made up of the USA, the Soviet Union and Great Britain.