What are some interesting history topics
Regensburg (BY): Interesting facts
The old town of Regensburg has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2006. But what was actually before? What story does the tranquil town in eastern Bavaria have to tell? Regensburg is the fourth largest city in Bavaria and at the same time the capital of the Upper Palatinate. With an age of around 2000 years, it is one of the oldest cities in Germany. A special feature is that the former city center has been almost completely preserved. Numerous medieval buildings are one of the reasons why the old town is not only a World Heritage Site, but also one of the most popular excursion destinations around Bavaria.
The settlement of Regensburg and the surrounding area began as early as the Stone Age, up to 400 BC. The traces of the Celtic inhabitants go back to Christ. Regensburg has only been writing city history since 79 AD, at which time the cohort fort was built. The fort initially served to monitor the estuaries of the Regen and Naab estuaries, but was converted into a legionary camp in 175 AD. The so-called Castra Regina can still be seen in the cityscape today. The inscription for the inauguration of Castra Regina, once carved in stone, is now regarded as the founding certificate of Regensburg.
Today almost 150,000 people live in beautiful Regensburg. The city is also very popular with students thanks to its three universities. Economically, Regensburg is one of the wealthiest cities, the course for this was laid in the 12th and 13th centuries. Through the long-distance trade with metropolises like Paris and cities like Venice, the city's economy flourished and the wealth can still be seen today in ancient, magnificent buildings. There are a total of around 1500 buildings in Regensburg that are under monument protection. 984 of them are part of the world cultural heritage and make up the historic core of the old town. The luck that Regensburg experienced in World War II is still impressive today. Despite numerous bomb attacks, the picturesque old town has remained almost intact and traces of the ancient Romans can still be seen today.
But despite the luck in the war, the preservation of the old town of Regensburg was not always certain. In the post-war period, more and more people emigrated, moved to the outskirts of the city and complained about poor building conditions and unacceptable living conditions. Old buildings and especially those that had survived the war were not very popular at the time and were usually torn down. It is only thanks to the economic weakness that Regensburg was affected by after the war that the old town is still preserved today. When the necessary funds for the demolition of the historical buildings were available, the trend had changed again from new-modern buildings to preserve antiquity. So it happened that at the beginning of the 1970s, loving restoration work began in the old town of Regensburg, which is still not fully completed today. The old town is now a popular tourist attraction and is considered worthy of preservation. In the 1990s, a university hospital opened in Regensburg, which made the city even more attractive for travelers and those seeking advice. When it was named a World Heritage Site in 2006, it was a milestone in the history of Regensburg. There was an aptitude test a few years earlier, but at that time the city was not yet awarded. In the same year, 2006, Pope Benedict paid an extended visit to the Bavarian city. More information about Regensurg.
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