What is Carl Sagan's IQ

The smartest people in the world

 

People have always wanted to measure their cunning. We all know what is known as the “intelligence quotient”, or IQ for short. This should make it possible to classify people in a ranking according to an intelligence factor. There are now a number of intelligence tests online with which anyone can supposedly determine their true IQ. Nevertheless, it is difficult to classify people according to their intelligence on the basis of an IQ test. Because you can be “intelligent” in many areas. And these areas cannot easily be compared with one another. That is why we concentrate here on people who have shaped our world, culture, science and history with their heads. It is noticeable that many of the exceptionally clever people were also very unusual personalities. From all-round artists, eccentrics, autistic people, space specialists to future visionaries: These 7 people show that smart does not mean boring. On the contrary!

  • April 15, 1452 - May 2, 1519
  • Estimated IQ according to financesonline.com: 200

We start with perhaps the most famous universal genius in human history. Leonardo Da Vinci was a real all-rounder. Besides being one of the most important painters and draftsmen in the history of art, Leonardo was also a tireless scientist who was in many ways ahead of his time. He was a painter, sculptor, architect, biologist, anatomist, mechanic and engineer all rolled into one! Even as a young person, Leonardo showed great artistic talent. In 1470 he began his training as a painter in Florence. The most famous work to this day remains the Mona Lisa, around which a number of mysteries revolve. One theory is that Leonardo would have painted himself in the form of a woman. Another thesis is that the name Mona Lisa is an anagram for Mon Salai (German: Mein Salai). Salai was Leonardo's apprentice and allegedly his secret lover. This would also explain why Leonardo did not want to sell the painting all his life, it probably meant a lot to him. It is always fascinating for visitors to the Louvre in Paris that the eyes of the Mona Lisa always follow the viewer, no matter where they are in the room. Leonardo saw himself as a "nature artist". That is, he tried to portray the reality and the beauty of nature. This also explains his particular interest in anatomy: He was obsessed with understanding the human body and realizing it. This resulted in his famous drawing The Vitruvian Man (1492), which you have probably seen on the Italian euro coin.

 

 

 

 

Leonardo is said to have dissected a total of more than 30 corpses. He used the knowledge from it
both for his drawings and for scientific discoveries: Among other things
he discovered the calcification of vessels in old people! But he was particularly interested
the origin of the human child in the womb. He examined and drew the fetus in
the different stages in the uterus.
Da Vinci also broke new ground as an engineer! He designed and built the first submarine of the
History. He was the first to discover the surface tension of a drop of water. He
designed the forerunner of the helicopter and tinkered with a tank. Even today the
Leonardo's engineering skill put into practice: in the city of As in Norway, the
state-of-the-art Leonardo Bridge built according to the plans of the Italian Renaissance artist.
By the way: In honor of his astronomical knowledge, a moon crater, a Mars crater
and an asteroid named after Leonardo.

Most of them only know Goethe from school. Faust, the two-part main work of the poet,
many of us had to work until we dropped. Lately was the name of the poet prince
again on everyone's lips, albeit misspelled, on the posters of the films Fack Ju Göhte.
But who of you knew that Goethe was not only a writer but also a talented one
Scientist and all-round talent?

  • August 28, 1749 - March 22, 1832
  • Estimated IQ according to financesonline.com: 200-220

Goethe came from a good family and enjoyed an extensive private education. Already very young
In addition to his literary achievements, he achieved great successes in politics: Am Weimarer
Hof he was minister for around 25 years. He was also director of the court theater in Weimar.
Even during his lifetime, Goethe was highly valued and known as a clever mind. Even
Napoleon once invited him to a private audience!
Goethe studied law at the request of his father. But he was more into art and science than
interested in law: During his studies, Goethe attended literary lectures and settled
trained as a draftsman and learned the craft of copperplate engraving. Still, he finished that
Graduated successfully and opened a law firm. After further political successes,
Goethe ennobled by the German Emperor in 1782. At only 33 years of age, he was the most powerful
Man in Weimar, only the duke stood over him.
He continued to be interested in botany, geology and anatomy, wrote several books about
Rocks and minerals. In 1784 Goethe discovered the so-called intermaxillary bone.
He was not aware, however, that a French scientist had recently discovered the bone
had already found. He also examined the metamorphosis of plants and justified
thus today's morphology. In 1810, Goethe published his controversial theory of colors,
which he had worked on for twenty years, trying to explain the nature of colors.
In addition, Goethe had a perfect command of many languages ​​and translated literary works from the
French, Italian, Spanish, Latin and Ancient Greek.
In total, Goethe leaves us around 3000 poems, 3000 drawings, several dramas and
Prose pieces, and diverse scientific studies.
In your city, too, there is definitely at least one school based on the all-rounder Johann Wolfgang
named by Goethe, isn't it?

 

This is about the man you always have with his robot voice and his high-tech
Wheelchair Associated: The Astronomer and Writer Stephen Hawking.

  • January 8, 1942 - March 14, 2018
  • Estimated IQ according to learning-mind.com: 160

Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with the nervous disease ALS at the age of 21.
He was a young and promising astronomy student then. The doctors only prophesied to him
a few more years of life. Hawking should put that prediction to the test, however!
When he was only 24, he received his PhD from Cambridge University with a thesis on the
Expansion of the universe. In Cambridge he then began to teach and published
did a lot of scientific work and finally became professor for gravitational physics.
Hawking provided important insights into the field of the singularities of the general
Relativity and in the study of black holes.
In addition to the publications within scientific circles, however, is Hawkings
greatest achievement, science accessible to everyone, scholar or not
do. His book A Brief History of Time (1988) became a bestseller and was declared in
simple language the creation of the universe. Hawking did not shy away from the public and
took every opportunity to bring the fascination of the cosmos closer to people. In
in the eighties he even visited the Vatican: he declared that our universe has no
I have limits, so there is no beginning and no end, and that is why it does not need any
Creator God.
Until his death in March of that year, Hawking tried to face humanity ahead
Warn dangers like nuclear wars and climate change. He also prophesied great ones
Challenges in dealing with artificial intelligence that will rule our lives in the future
becomes.

  • Jun. 13, 1966 - Present
  • IQ: unknown

This wild-looking mathematician is probably less familiar to most. There
he is an extraordinary thinker and a fascinating and funny person.
Grigory Jakowlewitsch Perelman is a Russian math genius. Already won as a student
he won a gold medal at the International Mathematical Olympiad, and this with perfect
Score! Because of his Jewish origins, he had difficulties in Russia
Universities to achieve the recognition they deserve. Still, he made it to Leningrad University
to do a doctorate on the subject of saddle surfaces in Euclidean spaces. Following was
Perelman was invited to renowned universities in New York, Berkeley and Princeton.
Perelman was a shy loner and did not stick to scientific principles
Requirements: He refused to publish scientific publications and happily lay down
with his superiors. Several prizes, including the one million dollar prize purse of the
Clay Mathematics Institute, he simply refused! He also refused to accept his theories
explain that this is what other people should do, he believes. In 2006, Perelman received the
most prestigious award (the unofficial Nobel Prize in Mathematics); the so-called
Fields Medal. He also stubbornly refused this award.
For a while, Grigori lived very isolated and without a permanent job in a friend's hut before
he moved back to his mother's house in St. Petersburg, where he still lives today.

 

  • November 11, 1951 - December 19, 2009
  • IQ: 87 (below average!)

Laurence Kim Peek proves that intelligence is very difficult to define. With a
proven IQ of 87, Peek is below most people's average. Nevertheless,
or because of that, he was an extraordinary genius in many ways.
Peek was born with a very severe intellectual disability. Both hemispheres of his brain
were only minimally connected. The doctors saw little hope.
As a child, he lagged behind his peers in speaking and moving, but Kim was
showed an extraordinary ability very early on: he had an incredible memory! in the
At the age of 4 he already knew eight volumes of lexicon word for word by heart. At 12 he should
recite a little poem for giving presents at Christmas. However, he recited the whole
Christmas story from the Gospel of Luke from Emperor Augustus to the shepherds with about
40 lines from the Bible. He had never read the story before, but read it on the same day in the
Church heard and imprinted. In addition, Peek could play any melody on the piano
replay after only listening once.
When Peek was 33 years old, he met the American screenwriter Barry Marrow.
He was fascinated by the unusual Peek and wrote a film based on his model
about an autistic genius who should make Peek internationally known: Rain Man, with Dustin
Hoffman and Tom Cruise in the lead roles (1988).

  • Oct. 05, 1958 - Today
  • IQ: unknown

Neil deGrasse Tyson is an American astrophysicist. Similar to Stephen Hawking or also
Carl Sagan, Tyson strives to make the fascination of science accessible to everyone
Way to convey. He tries (successfully) the stereotype of the boring
Scientist breaking by speaking to a young audience with a lot of verbosity and patience
appeals to.
At the age of 15, Tyson gave his first lectures at the university. He's been busy ever since
especially with the stars and the galaxy. Among other things, he was responsible for ensuring that
Pluto was no longer counted among the nine planets, but was classified as a dwarf planet.
Modeled on Carl Sagan, a famous astrophysicist and television presenter (you know
certainly his well-known video Pale Blue Dot), Tyson continues the show Our Cosmos, one
Documentary series on astronomy.
You probably know Tyson from podcasts, where he likes to perform. And you surely know this one
famous internet meme with which he finally made it into our pop culture:

 

 

Photo source: https://cdn1.thr.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/landscape_928x523/2016/06/elonmusk.jpg

  • Jun. 28, 1972 - Today
  • Estimated IQ according to quora.com: 155

Elon Musk is without a doubt the most interesting entrepreneur of our time. Because of his
Skills as an engineer and his philanthropic thinking he will be happy with a real one
Tony Stark (Iron Man) compared. And for good reason:
Elon Reeve Musk did not have an easy childhood. Born in South Africa at an early age
Difficulty communicating with other people. He was considered a shy nerd and
was often teased and bullied. After being beaten up by classmates, he spent
even a few days in the hospital.
Even as a child, Musk showed a high level of intelligence and entrepreneurial talent at the same time: Already
at 10 he became very interested in computers and at 12 he started developing and programming
he made his own PC game Blastar, which he then bought for around $ 500
Computer magazine sold. After a successful student career in economics and physics
Musk was admitted to a PhD program, which he dropped out after two days,
to start his own company: an online media company called Zip2. After 4 years
Compaq bought the company for $ 307 million. Musk himself received 22 million,
with which he immediately tackled new projects. He started an online payment system called
X.com, which merged with PayPal. Musk owned more than 11 percent of the company in PayPal
when it was sold on Ebay for $ 1.5 billion in 2002. Now the visionary had enough
Equity to focus on your true interests: cutting-edge technological
Develop products that advance humanity!

 

Since 2002, Musk and his company SpaceX have been working on safe methods of space tourism.
The company also brings satellites into orbit for established international companies. Since 2004
Musk's company Tesla develops electric cars that are supposed to counteract our pollution with Co2.
Since 2006, Musk's company SolarCity has designed and produced solar power systems that are a green
To bring about the energy transition. Since 2013, Musk has been developing a revolutionary Hyperloop
Possibility of transport: He wants to put vehicle capsules in through underground tunnels and tubes
Racing at high speed; he wants to solve the traffic problem in big cities.
Musk also owns a not-for-profit company (OpenAI) that explores the pros and cons of
I want to research artificial intelligence, and a company that aims to connect human
Brain examined with machines (Neuralink).
So it is fair to say that there are parallels between the comic book hero Tony
Stark and the real inventor genius Elon Musk. We can all be excited to see what this is about
Entrepreneur still comes up with everything to shape our future.
Maybe someday, just like Iron Man, he'll fly through the air in a steel suit?