How is C in 2019

Germany weather in 2019

Issue year 2019
Date 12/30/2019

Third warmest year since 1881 - little rainfall and lots of sunshine

Offenbach, December 30, 2019 - As in most of the previous years, 2019 was again too dry in Germany, with more sunshine than usual and, above all, significantly too warm. In fact, it was the third warmest year since regular measurements began in 1881. This is what the German Weather Service (DWD) reports after initial evaluations of the results from its around 2,000 measuring stations.

2019 started with a rainy January. Clouds built up on the northern edges of the mountains and led to masses of snow that had not been seen for a long time. February, on the other hand, turned out to be the month with the most sunniness since the beginning of measurements and with very high temperatures already really spring-like. In March, a whole series of severe storms swept across the country, before April brought a foretaste of summer with dry and often very warm weather. May was completely different: after 13 months that were too warm in a row, it was very cool and wet. But the warmest and sunniest June since the start of measurements followed. This was the start of another much too dry and extremely hot summer that surpassed all previous ones in terms of heat. Rivers dried up and the forests also suffered from the severe drought. A period of increased rainfall began in September, which lasted with short interruptions until Christmas and the drought gradually ended.

In July extreme heat wave with over 40 degrees on three consecutive days
The temperature average in 2019 was 10.2 degrees Celsius (° C), 2.0 degrees above the value of the internationally valid reference period 1961 to 1990. Compared to the comparison period 1981 to 2010, the upward deviation was 1.3 degrees. In addition to 2018 with 10.5 ° C and 2014 with 10.3 ° C, 2019 is one of the three warmest years since regular records began in 1881. A large part of this was due to eleven months that were too warm, as well as the extreme heat at the end of July when the temperature climbed to 40.0 ° C or above at 23 measuring points. The highest temperature rose on July 25th in Lingen in Emsland with the new German record of 42.6 ° C. Deutschneudorf-Brüderwiese reported the coldest value on January 21 with -18.6 ° C.

Again too little rainfall
With around 730 liters per square meter (l / m²), only 93 percent of the target of 789 l / m² was achieved in 2019. The least precipitation fell from the Thuringian Basin to the Leipzig lowland bay, where only about 350 l / m² came about locally. The Allgäu received most of the rain and snow with up to 2450 l / m². The highest daily total was reported by Kreuth-Glashütte near Bad Tölz on July 28th with 138.9 l / m², the highest snow cover away from the Anger-Stoißberg mountain peaks near Bad Reichenhall on January 13th with 240 cm.

Sunshine clearly in the plus
At around 1800 hours, the sunshine exceeded its target of 1544 hours by 18 percent. The longest sun was on the Upper Rhine with around 2120 hours, least in the north and in the Sauerland with locally under 1500 hours.

The weather in the federal states in 2019
(The long-term mean values ​​of the internal reference period are in brackets)

Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg: In 2019, Schleswig-Holstein reached 10.2 ° C (8.3 ° C), a good 795 l / m² (788 l / m²) and, with around 1655 hours (1567 hours), was the second least sunshine federal state. Hamburg came to 10.8 ° C (8.8 ° C), around 750 l / m² (750 l / m²) and with a rounded 1645 hours (1507 hours) was the least sunny federal state. Strong northerly currents led to storm surges on the Baltic coast on January 2 and 9, which caused great damage. In List on Sylt, 12 storm days were counted in March. On December 15, “Wilfried” raged with a storm surge in North Friesland and caused damage in the interior of Schleswig-Holstein.

Lower Saxony and Bremen: Lower Saxony recorded an average of 10.6 ° C (8.6 ° C), around 700 l / m² (746 l / m²) and, with a good 1685 hours (1456 hours), was one of the federal states with little sunshine. With 11.0 ° C (8.9 ° C), Bremen was one of the warmer and with around 1690 hours (1474 hours) it was one of the less sunny federal states. The amount of precipitation was around 690 l / m² (727 l / m²). On January 2, a ship north-west of Borkum got into the storm field of the deep "Zeetje" and lost around 270 containers. Lingen im Emsland has been the warmest city in Germany with 42.6 ° C since July 25, 2019. The gusts of storm “Ignaz” caused damage to several railway lines on September 17, so that these were closed. So 200 travelers had to spend the night of September 18 on trains.

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: For Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the meteorologists recorded 10.5 ° C (8.2 ° C), just under 595 l / m² (595 l / m²) and a good 1795 hours of sunshine (1648 hours). On April 23, a dust storm near Wolgast in Western Pomerania blew tons of sand from the dry soil on roads, meadows and fields, making the area look like a desert. Due to the drought, a fire broke out on June 30th near Lübenheen, southwest of Schwerin, which spread over 1,200 hectares, making it the largest forest fire in the history of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Firefighters fought the flames there for more than two weeks.

Brandenburg and Berlin: In 2019, Brandenburg was the second warmest at 11.1 ° C (8.7 ° C), the second driest with less than 495 l / m² (557 l / m²) and the second most sunny federal state with around 1945 hours (1634 hours). Berlin presented itself as the warmest with 11.7 ° C (9.1 ° C), with almost 530 l / m² (573 l / m²) as a dry and with almost 1925 hours (1635 hours) as a state rich in sunshine. Brandenburg reported a new sunshine record for February with 121 hours. In Jüterbog, southwest of Berlin, 95.9 l / m² fell on June 11th. Brandenburg recorded a new temperature record with 22.0 ° C and a new sunshine record with 352 hours for the month of June. In Berlin, too, the old records were exceeded this month with 22.8 ° C and 347 hours of sunshine. As a result of the drought, a fire raged for a week at the military training area near Jüterbog, which destroyed 744 hectares of forest. In Berlin-Dahlem, September 9th was the first day without sunshine since May 22nd.

Saxony-Anhalt: Saxony-Anhalt was warm with 11.0 ° C (8.7 ° C), with almost 1905 hours (1522 hours) rich in sunshine and with around 475 l / m² (547 l / m²) the driest federal state. On January 9th, the Brocken Railway disappeared almost completely in meter-high snowdrifts. Passengers had to wait a few hours before they could be freed. With 122 hours, Saxony-Anhalt set a new sunshine record for February. June also brought a new sunshine record with 324 hours and a new heat record with 21.1 ° C. Bernburg an der Saale reported a maximum of 39.6 ° C on June 30th. The temperature had not risen that high in June since regular measurements began in Germany. The old record was 38.2 ° C, measured on June 27, 1947 in Frankfurt / Main-Stadt.

Saxony: Saxony reported 10.4 ° C (8.1 ° C), just under 595 l / m² (699 l / m²) and was the sunniest state with over 1970 hours (1549 hours). In the first half of January, areas of precipitation built up again and again on the northern edge of the Ore Mountains and led to huge masses of snow there. On January 21, Deutschneudorf-Brüderwiese in the Ore Mountains reported the lowest temperature in Germany at -18.6 ° C in 2019. In June, Saxony achieved a new record of sunshine with 336 hours.

Thuringia: Thuringia was a cooler state at 10.0 ° C (7.6 ° C). The precipitation totaled about 635 l / m² (700 l / m²) and the sunshine to a good 1775 hours (1486 hours). After the storm field of Tief “Eberhard” passed through on March 10, the village of Föritztal-Mönchsberg near Sonneberg was cut off from the outside world for a long time because of fallen trees. The great drought favored two large forest fires at the end of April at the Bleichlochtalsperre and at Plaue in the Ilmkreis, southwest of Erfurt. On May 19, violent thunderstorms erupted, so that the hail between Plaue and Neusiß was then up to half a meter high. On May 20th, 93.2 l / m² fell in Birx in the Rhön. In Thuringia, a sunshine record was set in June with 310 hours and a new heat record with 20.0 ° C. On June 30th, the observatory in Jena exceeded the old temperature record of Thuringia with 38.8 ° C for June, which had occurred at the same place on June 24th, 2016 by 3.0 degrees. On August 2, four people were injured in a lightning strike on a group of people on a dirt road near Leinefelde-Worbis.

North Rhine-Westphalia: The year 2019 brought 10.7 ° C (9.0 ° C), almost 805 l / m² (875 l / m²) and around 1715 hours of sunshine (1440 hours) in North Rhine-Westphalia. Numerous carnival parades fell victim to the storm "Bennet" on Rose Monday (March 4th). In Ochtrup in the Münsterland region, a man was killed by a tree in his car. Also at Tief “Eberhard”, whose storm field hit North Rhine-Westphalia on March 10, a man died in his car in the Sauerland from a falling tree. A tornado of force F2, that is 181 to 253 km / h, swept through the town of Roetgen near Aachen on March 13th. He damaged at least 40 houses and injured five people. On May 20, 91.3 l / m² fell in Nieheim in the Weser Uplands. In June, NRW reported a new sunshine record with 298 hours. Duisburg-Baerl and Tönisvorst west of Krefeld with 41.2 ° C have shared the reputation as the warmest places in North Rhine-Westphalia since July 25th.

Hesse: At 10.1 ° C (8.2 ° C), Hesse was a comparatively cool state. The amount of precipitation was around 730 l / m² (793 l / m²) and the duration of sunshine was a good 1765 hours (1459 hours). On March 4th, the squalls of the “Bennet” low near Heusenstamm knocked over a tree that seriously injured a jogger. Heavy thunderstorms and continuous rain hit East Hesse in particular at the end of the second May decade. On May 19, hailstones the size of table tennis balls fell in Lieblos, northeast of Hanau. These were still in the meadows hours later. Schotten im Vogelsberg reported a daily total of 91 l / m² on May 20th, Hessisch-Lichtenau in northern Hesse and Schlüchtern in the southeast even 95 l / m² each. June reached a new sunshine record with 306 hours in Hesse. On July 12, during a tornado of magnitude F1, that is 117 to 180 km / h, major damage occurred near Wetzlar-Naunheim. The temperature reached a new Hessian record of 40.2 ° C on July 25th in Frankfurt-Westend. A heavy thunderstorm caused catastrophic damage in the late afternoon of August 18 from Mörfelden-Walldorf via Langen to Seligenstadt: hail smashed roof windows and battered cars, and gusts of wind did not leave a single tree in some forest areas.

Rhineland-Palatinate: Rhineland-Palatinate reached an average of 10.4 ° C (8.6 ° C), around 765 l / m² (807 l / m²) and almost 1835 hours of sunshine (1507 hours). In March, 14 days of storm occurred in the Weinbiet in the Palatinate Forest. The station reported wind force 10 every day from the 7th to the 17th. On March 4th, many Rose Monday parades were canceled due to the gusts of wind from the low "Bennet". For June, a new sunshine record was set in RLP with 309 hours. A tornado of strength F1, that is 117 to 180 km / h, damaged eleven houses on July 12 in Bobenheim in the Palatinate, two of which were no longer habitable afterwards. Trier-Petrisberg surpassed the Rhineland-Palatinate record of Bad Dürkheim from 2015 with 39.7 ° C with 40.6 ° C and is now the warmest city in the state.

Saarland: In 2019, Saarland was the federal state with the highest rainfall with almost 980 l / m² (945 l / m²). In addition, the climate experts recorded 10.5 ° C (8.9 ° C) and about 1835 hours of sunshine (1571 hours). The Saarland set a new sunshine record in February with 152 hours. Saarbrücken-Burbach reported almost summery 21.7 ° C on February 27th. From May 1st to May 22nd, however, the temperature in Saarbrücken-Ensheim did not reach 20 degrees. The Saarland temperature record from 2015 from Saarbrücken-Burbach with 38.8 ° C went to Neunkirchen-Wellesweiler with 40.2 ° C on July 25, 2019.

Baden-Württemberg: In 2019, Baden-Württemberg was the second-coolest federal state with 9.9 ° C (8.1 ° C) and the second most rainy state with a good 935 l / m² (980 l / m²). The sun showed up for about 1900 hours (1607 hours). In January, over 350 l / m² fell locally on the northern edges of the mountains. The large amounts often went down as snow: on January 13th there was 72 cm of snow in Wangen im Allgäu and even 120 cm of snow on the 29th in Freudenstadt-Kniebis. On May 20th, 93.3 l / m² fell in Baiersbronn-Ruhestein in the Black Forest. On July 25, the temperature in Waghäusel-Kirrlach reached 39.8 ° C, almost 40 degrees. On December 20, the mercury in Elzach-Fisnacht in the Black Forest and in Weingarten near Ravensburg rose to an unusually mild 18.1 ° C. Rheinfelden am Hochrhein was the station with the most sunshine in Germany in 2019 with around 2120 hours.

Bavaria: In 2019, Bavaria was the coldest federal state with 9.5 ° C (7.5 ° C). The precipitation was around 845 l / m² (940 l / m²) and the sunshine was around 1885 hours (1595 hours). In the first half of January, areas of precipitation built up again and again on the Alps and led to huge masses of snow there. On the 10th, Aschau-Stein reported 64 cm of fresh snow. On the 13th there was a total of 240 cm in Anger-Stoißberg, north of Bad Reichenhall. An impressive 436.7 l / m² fell in Ruhpolding-Seehaus in the first two weeks of January. The temperature differences between day and night in mid-February were huge in the snow-covered areas: On February 18, Reit im Winkl reported a maximum of +14.1 ° C after a minimum of -11.8 ° C. In the first half of May, winter showed up again in many places. On the 6th there was 27 cm of snow in Ettal-Graswang, north of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. In Bamberg, the temperature dropped below freezing every night from May 4th to May 8th. From May 19th to 21st, torrential rain in southern Swabia and in large parts of Upper Bavaria led to enormous amounts of precipitation. Within 48 hours, 220.1 l / m² came together in Balderschwang in the Allgäu. On May 23, the Zugspitze reported the highest snow cover for exactly 20 years at 605 cm. On June 10th, a catastrophic storm raged in the south of Bavaria, especially on the Ammersee. Hail up to 8 cm in diameter smashed car windows, skylights and house facades. Bavaria reached a new sunshine record with 311 hours in June. The nationwide largest 24-hour rainfall in 2019 fell on July 28th in Kreuth-Glashütte, south of Bad Tölz, with 138.9 l / m². A thunderstorm approaching from Hesse in the early evening of August 18th caused devastating damage, especially from Kahl to Alzenau, north of Aschaffenburg. Hail was deposited up to half a meter high in gardens, torrential rain caused flooding in a matter of minutes and hurricane gusts cut huge aisles in the forest, which was already very weakened by the drought. Just before Christmas, of all places, there was a pronounced foehn situation in the foothills of the Alps. The highest temperature was reached in Piding near Bad Reichenhall on the 20th with 20.2 ° C. In 2019, Balderschwang in the Allgäu was the all-inclusive station in Germany with a total of around 2450 l / m².

All annual figures in this press release are preliminary. The data used for the last two days of the year are based on forecasts. Not all measurements of the DWD's station network were available by the time of going to press.
Note: The nationwide leaders in temperature, precipitation and sunshine duration can be found on the second day of the following month as "Topic of the day" at www.dwd.de. You will find a comprehensive climatological review and a preview from the 10th of the following month
at www.dwd.de/klimastatus.