Why should you wash fruits before cutting
"Do fruits and vegetables always have to be washed, and how do I do that correctly?"
Wash the lettuce leaves whole, preferably in a large bowl with plenty of cold water and not under running water - this helps retain the vitamins and nutrients. Also wash herbs and fruit before consumption: briefly - so that not too many nutrients are lost, but still carefully - so that your enjoyment is not clouded by remaining grains of sand and dirt particles, and carefully - so that the sensitive leaves remain intact and crisp. Food that has soil stuck to it, such as carrots or potatoes, should first be washed, then peeled and then washed again briefly.
Also wash fruit before peeling
Fruit and vegetables that are peeled should also be cleaned beforehand. Whether oranges, mangoes or melons: If you cut the fruit without having at least roughly cleaned it beforehand, when you cut it with the knife, you bring some of what is on the outside of the peel (for example pesticide residues or germs) with them Inside of the fruit.
Wash shortly before consumption
While apples or pears can be washed thoroughly and brushed with a vegetable brush, this is not possible with sensitive soft fruit or grapes. Soft fruits such as strawberries should also not be washed under running water - on the one hand, the fruit can be damaged by the water jet and, on the other hand, the loss of vitamins is higher. Wash strawberries and other berry fruits briefly and carefully in standing water (do not water them) and let them drain on a sieve or on kitchen paper. If you want, you can also add a little lemon juice or clear vinegar to the washing water, this will help dissolve possible deposits.
Only after washing, carefully pluck the stem with the small leaves so that the fine aroma is not lost and the juice does not leak out while drying. In general: Always clean fruits and vegetables shortly before consumption, otherwise they will spoil more quickly because not only dirt, chemical residues, worm eggs, bacteria etc. are removed, but also the natural protective coating of the fruit.
Bacteria in the ready-made salad
You should also thoroughly clean products that are sold for immediate consumption - for example the wide range of salad mixes in bags that have already been washed and chopped up. Bacteria and fungi can multiply to their hearts' content, especially in sealed plastic packaging. The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) points out that as a precaution, people with a weakened immune system should refrain from consuming pre-cut mixed salads or raw sprouts.
Definitely here, too: It is best to wash the goods briefly in cold water and then let them drain or spin dry in a salad spinner. Because of possible microbial contamination, sprouts should be blanched for 30 seconds if necessary.
Wild mushrooms should always be washed well and cooked sufficiently, while cultivated mushrooms only need to be rinsed briefly, as they are usually hardly soiled and, depending on their nature, soak up the water quickly. Cultivated mushrooms can be roughly cleaned of soil or substrate residues with kitchen paper. If the stems are not tough and dried out, it is sufficient to cut off only the dry or very dirty ends and can then also be used.
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