What are Common Names in Indonesia

Country & People / Indonesia

Country & people

Eat Drink

Indonesian spices make up the local cuisine, which is based on rice (nasi) is incomparable. There are countless specialties, including Rijstafel (Indonesian-Dutch mixture of a variety of meats, vegetables, salads, fish and curry), Sate (spicy, grilled beef, fish, pork, chicken or lamb on a skewer with peanut sauce), Ayam Ungkap (Java; marinated chicken meat fried in oil), Ikan Acar Kuning (Jakarta; lightly marinated fried fish with a sauce made from pickled spices), SotoAyam (Soup with dumplings, vegetables and chicken), Gado-Gado (Java; salad made from raw and cooked vegetables with coconut milk and peanut sauce), Pempek (Palembang; fried fish balls in warm sweet and sour vinegar sauce), Babi Guling (roast suckling pig) and Opor Ayam (cooked chicken in mildly flavored coconut milk). Fish and seafood as well as tropical fruit round off the menu.
Indonesians like their food very well seasoned, especially the small red and green peppers that are often found in salads or vegetables. In restaurants that are used to foreign tourists, however, one is usually set up to suit their taste. Visitors eager to experiment can also try the specialties of the many street stalls (Warungs). Some warungs are fixed and have tables and benches for guests to sit at. B. Nasi Goreng (Fried rice with vegetables) or Mie Goreng (fried noodles) and drinks, other warungs only consist of a larger glass and wooden box on wheels and specialize in, for example Tahu (Tofu, soybean cheese) or Tempe Goreng (Dish made from fried, fermented soybeans), sate, fruit or sweets. Almost every flavor of international cuisine is represented in Jakarta.

Beverages: Local (e.g. Bintang) and imported beer is available in almost every restaurant, in the larger restaurants there are also spirits. The alcoholic specialty of Bali is rice wine Brem, in South Sulawesi there is the high-proof Tuak. Tea and coffee are mostly drunk black and sweet. All over Indonesia there are many different, extremely tasty fruit juices available, such as: B. pineapple, papaya, avocado and durian juice.

nightlife

International singers and groups often play in Jakarta's nightspots; the night clubs are open until 4am on weekends. The city has over 40 cinemas, some of which show films in English or with English subtitles. Many larger hotels, especially in Bali, offer dance performances (see Country & people), accompanied by the typical Indonesian gamelan orchestras. Moonlight festivals are held in many places throughout the year, it is best to inquire on the spot. Indonesian shadow theater is world famous. Beware of gangs who try to steal their money from tourists. Since gambling is forbidden in all of Indonesia, the victims are also liable to prosecution.

Shopping tips

Nice souvenirs are batik fabrics, wood carvings, silver jewelry, straw and raffia baskets, bamboo articles, crisis (small daggers), paintings and woven fabrics. Shop opening times: Mon-Sat 10 a.m.-10 p.m. Markets are open early in the morning and in the evening.

Sports

Water sports: Indonesia is a paradise for Windsurfers, The islands of Bali (Ulu Watu, Kuta), Bintan, Java, Lombok, Sumatra, Sumbawa, Flores and Sumba are particularly popular. The best surf is between April and September. Special surf camps like Lagundri Bay (Nias) or Cempi Bay (Sumbawa) offer simple accommodation and meals. Swim: The beautiful beaches offer unlimited bathing pleasure, and many hotels have swimming pools. Diving: Indonesia offers first class diving spots. The French marine explorer Jacques Cousteau shot some of his famous underwater films near the Tukang Besi Islands. Most of the larger beach resorts have diving centers that offer courses for beginners and advanced divers. Rockclimbing: Indonesia's numerous volcanic peaks are suitable for extensive mountain hiking and trekking tours. Golf courses can be found in the tourist centers. Horse riding: In the sports facilities in International Saddle Club You can also take riding lessons in Jakarta.
Public sports: Horse races take place every Sunday afternoon in Pulo Mas, JLJ Ahmed Yani. Jai Alai (similar to Basque pelota) is played daily in Halai Jaya Ancol, Bina Ria and Tanjung. Cockfighting is prohibited, but still takes place in Java and Bali. Chinese shadow boxing competitions are held in Loki Sari and JL Mangga Besar.

Calendar of events

Feb. Hindu New Year celebrations nationwide. Feb. Jakarta Indonesia Golf Open, Jakarta.March Jakarta International Java Jazz Festival (internet: http://www.javajazzfestival.com/), Jakarta.May Waisak festival (anniversary of the birth and death of the Buddha and enlightenment), near Mendut. Jun.-Jul. Bali Art Festival, Denpasar. Jun. City Festival, Jakarta. Jul. Yacht regatta, Ambon.Aug Independence Day, nationwide. Aug-Oct Kerapan Sapi (Bull Racing), Madura Island. Sept Ubud Festival, Bali.Nov-Dec Pukul Sapu.

Exact dates and details of other events are available from the Tourist Office (see p. Addresses) available.

Manners & Uses

There are over 200 different ones in Indonesia languages and dialects. Since independence, many Indonesians have developed strong national pride.

To the traditional Dances and the traditional techniques of painting, wood carving and sculpture are still retained. Dancing is an important art form in Indonesia and is encouraged and practiced from an early age. The extensive repertoire is based on old legends and traditions. Performances take place in village halls and village squares, as well as in some of the leading hotels. Some of the most famous dances in Bali are the Legong, a slow, graceful dance of divine nymphs; the Baris, a fast-paced, noisy portrayal of masculine, bellicose behavior, and the Jauk, captivating solo dance of a masked and richly costumed demon. With the dramatic Kecak dance with 100 or more participants, only young men clad in loincloths act as wild monkeys, subjects of the Hindu monkey god Hanuman.
Indonesian GamelanOrchestras primarily consist of various xylophone-like percussion instruments, flutes and instruments that are similar to the harp. These sounds can be heard in many Indonesian shops and restaurants and are part of every dance and shadow theater performance.

Shadow plays are performed nationwide using the traditional Wayang Kulit-Shadow puppets made of wood and leather used. The subject of the pieces are often the stories of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, famous ancient Hindu legends. However, modern pieces are also shown. For visitors who do not understand Indonesian, it is most interesting to sit behind the stage, because this is the best place to watch the puppeteer at work.

When booking tickets and hotels within Indonesia, often only the first name is used. Often times, people are quite formal in society, for example not starting to eat or drink a meal until the host tells you to do so. You should never point your finger at people or objects or touch children on the head. Food or money is always taken or given with the right hand. Indonesians are polite and friendly, and do countless favors and friendships to foreigners they trust. Shaking hands in greeting is common. If you are invited to a private house, a gift is welcome.

Casual dress is common, but some elegant establishments expect evening wear with meals. Islamic customs and practices that affect women's clothing should be observed. Temples should only be entered with sarong and shoulders / arms covering tops.

Tip
is common, but not mandatory. In some hotels and restaurants, an extra 10% is charged for service.

Vacation spots & excursions

Java

The capital Jakarta offers a fascinating mix of different influences. The old town with buildings from the Dutch and Portuguese colonial times is well worth a visit. The National monument rises 140 m above Merdeka Square and is crowned with a gilded »flame«. The Central Museum has a good ethnographic department and shows sculptures from pre-Hindu times, among other things. The Portuguese Church with the huge Dutch pump organ (1695) is also worth a visit. The modern Istiqlal Mosque in the city center is one of the largest in the world. Also worth seeing are the antique market on Jalan Surabaya (Surabaya Street) and the countless batik factories in the Karet district.

Located in the southeast of the city Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, a 100 hectare theme park that offers an overview of the 26 Indonesian provinces, some of which are culturally very different. Each province is represented in Taman Mini by a true-to-scale house in the respective traditional architectural style; exhibitions of traditional clothing and handicrafts from the respective region are also shown in the houses. Most houses also offer cultural performances; an event calendar is available from the tourist information. The Jakarta cultural center is one of the largest in Southeast Asia.

180 km from Jakarta Bandung, the capital of West Java and the third largest city in Indonesia. Because of its European ambience, the pleasant climate and the many parks and gardens, Bandung was also called ’the Javanese Paris’ in colonial times. Many residential areas are still characterized by Dutch colonial architecture today. Today, Bandung is primarily a science and business center. Several universities and technical institutes are located here, including the well-known one Institute of Teknologi Bandung (ITB). In 1955, Bandung hosted the Afro-Asian Conference.
In addition to business and science, Bandung also offers excellent shopping opportunities, especially for shoes, textiles and clothes. In Jalan Cihampelas, also known as »Jeans Street«, all kinds of jeans and T-shirts are on sale. There are a number of modern shopping malls; the largest and most famous is the Bandung Indah Plaza.

The city-state founded in 1755 Yogyakarta (often also called "Yogya") is located in central Java and is one of the most important cultural centers in Java. The traditional Javanese arts are firmly rooted here. Yogyakarta is home to several art, music and dance schools as well as the prestigious Gaja Madah University. The old Sultan's Palace is particularly worth seeing (Kraton), which over the centuries has become a symbol of the Javanese resistance to colonialism. The water palace is also recommended Saman Tari and the bird market Pasar Burung.

You can buy beautiful batik fabrics in Yogyakarta. There are a number of artist workshops that specialize in a wide variety of batiks. Objects and jewelry made from the finest filigree silver are also popular souvenirs. Kota Gede, located near Yogya, is particularly known for its silver factories.
13 km from Yogyakarta is the huge one Prambanan temple complex, which was built in honor of the Hindu gods Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu. The one built in the 10th century Loro Jonggrang Temple is considered the most beautiful Hindu temple in Indonesia.

Located on a hill west of Yogyakarta Borobodur, probably the largest Buddhist sanctuary in the world with stone reliefs totaling over 5 km in length.
The Royal Mangkunegaran-palace in Surakarta is now a museum displaying dance ornaments, jewelry and royal carriages from the 19th century. Mount Bromo, in the east of Java, is still an active volcano today. From Surabaya you can go on horseback excursions to the crater wheel.
In August and September it is Madura The venue for ox races.
The highlight of the ox races is the city's carnival, which lasts two days and nights Pamekasan.

Sulawesi

On the "orchid island" Sulawesi The visitor can expect majestic mountains, misty valleys as well as numerous lakes, geysers and hot springs, the most famous of which are at Macule, Kuramengan, Lahendong, Kinilon and Leilem can be found. The nature reserve is in the south Bantimurung with thousands of exotic butterflies. Torajaland is known as the "land of the heavenly kings"; the inhabitants buried their dead in vertical rock graves.

In the harbour Pinsa of Ujung Pandang, formerly Makassar, the wooden schooners of the famous Buganese seafarers are at anchor. The fortress Fort Rotterdam (1660) was built by Sultan Ala to protect the city against pirates. Horse and ox races are popular sports in Ranomuut you can still see traditional horse races with chariots (Bendi) see.

Sumatra

Sumatra is the second largest island in Indonesia, lies on the equator and has a volcanic mountain range, hot springs, unexplored jungle areas and huge plantations. Numerous nature reserves have been set up to protect the native flora and fauna, some of which are threatened with extinction. In the protected areas Bengkulu, Gedung Wani and Mount Loeser Guided safaris are offered where you can watch tigers, elephants, tapirs and rhinos up close. The Toba lake lies in the crater of an extinct volcano. At 900 m above sea level, it is one of the highest lakes in the world. In its center is the inhabited island of Samosir.

Lingga
near Medan is a traditional Karonesian village with wooden stilt houses. At Bukkitinggi the old fortress rises Fort de Kock. Nearby are the zoo, the market square, a restored historic rice barn and that Bundo Kandung Museum. The most beautiful beaches in Sumatra are on the east coast.

Eastern Islands

MOLUCKS ARCHIPELAGO:
The archipelago consists of 1000 mostly uninhabited islands. Since the end of the spice trade, the inhabited ones have been so cut off from each other and from the rest of the world that each has its own culture and some have their own language.
Halmahera is the largest island in the Moluccas. The descendants of the great powers who fought over the centuries for supremacy in the spice trade live on the coast - Arabs, Gujaratis, Malays, Portuguese and Dutch. Inland, the population speaks a language that has almost nothing in common even with other indigenous languages ​​of Indonesia.
Morotai, located in the north, was a Japanese air force base during World War II. Today copra and cocoa are grown here.
Ternate and Tidors are small volcanic islands west of Halmahera that once gained wealth and power as the world's largest suppliers of cloves.
Located further south Ambon, another important hub for the clove trade, with its 40 Dutch fortresses from the 17th century.
Banda in the Banda Sea is often referred to as the original "spice island" and is known for its nutmeg growing areas.

NUSA TENGGARA ARCHIPELAGO:
Nusa Penida Was once a prison colony and is now a popular tourist destination with its beaches and dramatic coastal scenery.
Komodo is home to the largest and rarest monitor lizards in the world, the Komodo dragons.
Sumba is for excellent woven Ikat-Cloth known. The Mount Keli Mutu rises in breathtaking scenery. The fascinating play of colors of the three crater lakes changes depending on the amount of sunlight.
The islands north of Timor, below Solor, Lembata, Adonara, Alor, Wetar and Pantar, are visited less often. There are numerous historical fortresses on the islands from which whalers set out on their expeditions.
The way of life of the population Roti, Ndau and Sawu hasn't changed much since the Bronze Age. The islanders are known as excellent musicians and palm weavers.
The Teravan Islands are a small group of islands with beautiful beaches and coral gardens. Lucipara has excellent diving sites. Kangean, Tenggaya, Bone rate and Tukang Besi are remote atolls in the Flores and Banda Seas that do justice to the idea of ​​a tropical island paradise.

West Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) forms the western half of the island of New Guinea. Much of the country is covered with impenetrable rainforest. A central mountain range stretches from east to west with the highest mountain in the west, Puncak Jaya (5050 m). West Papua is one of the last unexplored areas in the world.

Bali

The unique landscape of Bali, called the "Island of the Gods", consists of volcanic mountains, lakes and rivers, rice terraces, huge fruit and palm plantations and on the coast of quiet bays with fine sandy beaches. Although the island is only 5633 square kilometers, it has about 3 million inhabitants.

In contrast to the rest of Indonesia, the inhabitants here are supporters of the Agama-Hinduism, a variant of Hinduism.

A volcanic mountain range stretches across the island from east to west. The conical summit of the mighty Gunung Agung ("Holy Mountain") rises 3170 m above sea level. To the north of the mountain range, coconuts, coffee, cocoa, cloves and vegetables are grown wherever the soil allows.

The most famous holiday areas and the international airport are in the south, in the area around Kuta, Sanurand Benoa as Nusa Dua beyond the narrow isthmus on the peninsula Bukit Badung. The northwest of Bali is a nature reserve that can be explored on guided day trips.

Temple festivals and processions:
There are thousands of temples in Bali, some of the great ones Holy temple at Besakih to countless small village altars. Temple processions take place every evening, to which Balinese people wear traditional sarongs (a colorful skirt wrapped around their waist) and bring colorful, carefully prepared offerings made of fruits and flowers for the gods. Tourists are also allowed to watch, but should also wear sarongs. On special feast days, which also include cremations, large processions with dances and particularly splendid offerings are held.

Denpasar
is the island capital. Sights include the Bali Museum, the Modern Art Center and the internationally renowned Kerawitan Conservatory, one of the main centers of Balinese dance.

It is absolutely incomparable, especially at sunset Sea templeofTanah Lot on the west coast, not far from Kediri.

In Mengwi is the picturesque royal temple Pura Taman Ayun from the 17th century.

The sacred monkey forest at Sangeh, 20 km north of Denpasar, is a forest reserve with a temple in the middle. Revered by the Hindus as sacred animals and used to tourists, the monkeys are quite brazen and sometimes aggressive. When visiting one of Bali's monkey forests, it is advisable to bring glasses, jewelry and cameras to a safe place from the inquisitive primates.

The one located in an untouched mountain landscape Bratan lake with the Ulu Danu water temple one can get across a street from Bedugul reach out.

The village Ubud is the center of the remarkable artist community in Bali. That stands in a wonderful garden with a lotus pond Puri Lukisan Museum (Palace of Fine Arts) with a diverse collection of sculptures and pictures of both ancient and contemporary styles. Also worth seeing is the Neka Art Museum, which features Bali-inspired paintings by local and international artists.

Kamasan
near Klungkung is another artist's area. Significant arts and crafts centers are Celuk (Silver work), Mas (Woodwork and furniture) and Batubulan (Stone sculptures).

The entrance of the huge Goa Gaja ("Elephant Cave") near Bedulu is decorated with carved reliefs of demons, animals and plants, crowned by the head of a gruesome monster. The Holy sources ofTampaksiring are said to have healing powers and attract numerous visitors every year.

Penelokan
offers an excellent view of the black lava flows of the Mount Batur. You can also use the Batur lake drive to see the crater up close. Pura Besakih is Bali's "mother temple" from the 10th century, high on the slopes of the Gunung Agung. It belongs to a large temple complex with over 30 temples, which is the scene of many lavish and splendidly celebrated festivals and fairs.

Klungkung is the old capital of the mighty Gelgel royal dynasty. The historical court of justice, surrounded by a moat, is worth seeing, the ceiling and wall paintings of which depict punitive scenes from Hindu legends.

Padangbai
, a beautiful, tropical town on the east coast of Bali with lush vegetation behind the white sandy beach, is the port of call for cruise ships in Bali. Goa Lawah (»Fledermaushöhle«) with its altars carved into the rock lives up to its name as a sacred refuge for countless bats.

Kusambe
is a fishing village with a black sand beach.

The Serangan Island is located south of Sanur and is also known as "Turtle Island" because of the turtles kept here. Every six months a big harvest festival takes place here, for which tens of thousands gather. I.

n the north of Bali, which is still less touristy, beckon gray lava sand beaches near Lovina, the small town Singaraja with colonial buildings, the Pura Beji Temple in Sangsit with beautiful sculptures, Bali's only Buddha Temple and the impressive waterfall Gitgit.

Lombok

A 15-minute flight (or a ferry crossing) from Bali is Lombok, a beautiful island whose name means "chilli pepper". One of the largest volcanoes in the Indonesian archipelago is located here, the Mount Rindjani, whose mostly cloud-covered summit is 3745 m high. The north is mountainous with dense forests and dramatic views, the west consists of fertile plains with coconut and rice plantations and rice terraces, while the east is barren and arid and the south coast is rocky. The population - only about 750,000 people - is made up of Islamic Sasaks, Hindu Balinese and Malays. Mataram, the island's capital, and the bustling port city Ampenan are the only two larger cities on the island and are ideal for a trip. Lombok also has some wonderful beaches: some with white sand, others with black sand, the latter e.g. B. at Ampenan. In Narmada, which can be reached via an easily navigable road, there is a huge palace complex to be admired, with a "fountain of youth" that was built for a Balinese king. In Pamenang you can rent boats and use diving goggles to explore the crystal-clear water world of the wonderfully colorful corals and curious tropical fish.

Economic profile

economy


Major industries
As revenues from oil and gas processing are slowly declining, the government is trying to expand the economic base. In 2004 Indonesia became a net importer of petroleum and is therefore currently considering leaving OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries). Indonesia has enormous economic potential due to significant tin, bauxite, nickel, copper and gold deposits. It is one of the leading rubber producers in the world and is an important supplier of coffee and tea.
Certain growth impulses are coming from the telecommunications, power generation / fuels and mining sectors. The manufacturing industry is growing steadily and has become a significant source of foreign currency through increasing exports of its products. The industrial sector now has the highest share of the gross domestic product with 48.1% (2008), followed by the service sector with 37.5% (2008). Agriculture, on the other hand, continues to stagnate. Major agricultural products include rice, corn, coconuts, bananas, and sugar. Fishing is also important and forest areas cover about two thirds of the country. The share of agriculture in the gross domestic product is 14.5% (2008).

Economic situation
After Indonesia was hardest hit by the Asian currency and economic crisis at the beginning of the 21st century, the country has now overcome the immediate consequences. Since the beginning of the reforms in the financial sector, especially in the areas of taxes, customs duties, securities and the capital market, Indonesia has recorded robust economic growth of around 6%, although this is likely to be lower from 2009 due to falling prices in the wake of the global economic crisis. In 2007 the inflation rate was 6.3% and increased to 9.9% by 2008, partly due to rising oil prices. Although worries about rising inflation have eased somewhat due to the global economic crisis, foreign investments in the developing nation have also declined and resulted in sharp falls in stocks. In the past, the Indonesian economy has repeatedly suffered from negative internal influences (bomb attacks, tsunami, bird flu, earthquake). Almost 18% of Indonesia's population live under the poverty line. The unemployment rate fell slightly from officially 9.1% (2007) to 8.4% (2008).

Economic policy
Under President Yudhoyono, Indonesia's economy developed favorably, which is mainly due to competent financial policy. The reforms in the area of ​​finance and investment policy - above all the investment law passed in 2007 - are bearing fruit as they improve the climate for foreign and domestic investors. The main problem children of the Indonesian government are still poverty, unemployment, an underdeveloped infrastructure and corruption.

Trading partner
Indonesia's main trading partners are Japan, the USA, Singapore, China (PR), South Korea, Thailand, Saudi Arabia and Australia.

Membership in international organizations
UN and UN specialized agencies (FAO, UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, IMF, UNESCO, ESCAP, UNDP, IAEA, ILO), informal "G 20", Asian Development Bank (ADB), OPEC, Colombo Plan, UNCTAD, Islamic Conference ( associated), Non-Aligned Movement, WTO, APEC. As a member of ASEAN, Indonesia participates in the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA).

Manners

Business should be done through agents in the country and often progress slowly. Business letters and brochures should be in English and prices should also be in US dollars. Business cards are common.

Business hours:
Mon-Fri 9 am-5pm. Some offices are also open Saturday mornings.

Authorities:
Mon-Thu 8 a.m.-2.30 p.m., Fri 8 a.m.-12 p.m.

Contact addresses

German Center for Industry and Trade Indonesia
c / o L-Bank
Landeskreditbank Baden-Württember - promotional bank
Schlossplatz 10, D-76113 Karlsruhe
Tel: (0721) 150 34 96.
Internet: www.germancentre.co.id

Legal holidays

public holidays

2016
8 Feb Chinese New Years Festival
9 Mar Hari Raya Nyepi (Hindu New Year celebrations)
25 Mar Good Friday
5 May Ascension of Christ
5 May Lailat al Miraj (Night of the Ascension)
14 May Vesakh day (Buddha's birthday)
7 Jul Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan)
17 Aug Independence day
13 Sep Eid al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice)
3 Oct. islamic new year celebration
12 Dec Milad un Nabi (Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad)
25 Dec Christmas
26 Dec Christmas
(a) Buddhist holidays are based on the lunar calendar and are changeable. (b) The dates given for Islamic holidays are calculated according to the lunar calendar and therefore shift from year to year. During the fasting month of Ramadan, which precedes the festival day Eid al-Fitr, Muslims are forbidden to eat, drink or smoke from sunrise to sunset, which leads to interruptions or deviations in the normal course of business (including reduced opening times of shops and authorities) and therefore there may be restrictions for travelers. Many restaurants outside the hotels are closed during the day and the consumption of alcohol and cigarettes is only possible to a limited extent or Some of them are strictly forbidden, even for non-Muslim vacationers. In hotel complexes it must be expected that meals and drinks may only be consumed in the hotel restaurant or in the room during Ramadan. Travelers should expect increased sensitivity in religious matters as well as in questions of respecting Islamic traditions. Some interruptions can also occur during Eid al-Fitr. This festival, like the Eid al-Adha, has no specific duration and can last 2-10 days depending on the region.

General

location

South East Asia.

surface

1,922,570 square kilometers (742,308 square meters).

population

253.609.643 (2014).

Population density

131.9 per square kilometer.

Capital

Jakarta.

Form of government

Presidential republic since 1945. Constitution of 1945, last change in 2002. One-chamber parliament: House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) with 560 members. Independent since 1949 (former Dutch colony).

geography

Indonesia, the largest island nation in the world, consists of the six main islands Sumatra, Sulawesi, Java, Bali, Kalimantan (part of Borneo) and West Papua (formerly Irian Jaya, western half of New Guinea) and 30 smaller archipelagos. In total, Indonesia consists of over 13,000 islands, 6000 of which are uninhabited, stretching over 5150 km and located in a volcanic zone with over 300 mostly extinct volcanoes. In terms of landscape, the islands are quite different; some have mountains or plateaus, others consist of flat coastal plains and alluvial land.

language

The official language is Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia). Each ethnic group has its own language. Around 250 regional languages ​​and dialects are spoken. English, Dutch and Arabic are compulsory languages. The older generation is more likely to speak Dutch as a second language, while the younger generation is more likely to speak English.

religion

86.1% Muslims, 8.7% Christians, 1.8% Hindus (mainly in Bali), 3.4% Buddhists and followers of natural religions in remote regions.

Local time

Three time zones:

Bangka, Belitung, Java, West and Central Kalimantan, Madura and Sumatra:
West: CET + 6. No summer / winter time changeover. The difference to Central Europe is +6 hours in winter and +5 hours in summer.
Central: CET +7. No summer / winter time changeover. The difference to Central Europe is +7 hours in winter and +6 hours in summer,
East: CET + 8. No summer / winter time changeover. The difference to Central Europe is +8 hours in winter and +7 hours in summer.

Bali, Flores, South and East Kalimantan, Lombok, Sulawesi, Sumba, Sumbawa and Timor: CET + 7. No summer / winter time changeover.
The difference to Central Europe is +7 hours in winter and +6 hours in summer.

Aru, West Papua (Irian Jaya), Kai, Moluccas and Tanimbar: CET + 8. No summer / winter time changeover.
The difference to Central Europe is +8 hours in winter and +7 hours in summer.

Mains voltage

220 V, 50 Hz; sometimes also 110 V, 50 Hz in rural areas. Two-pole and three-pole plugs, adapters are recommended. Power fluctuations must be expected, especially in the evening hours.

Head of government

Joko Widodo, since October 2014.

Head of state

Joko Widodo, since October 2014.

Countries information is published courtesy of Columbus. All statements without guarantee.

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