Are there lions in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka flag

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

official: Sri Jayewardenepura - Kotte (on the outskirts of Colombo, approx. 100,000 inhabitants); de facto: Colombo (about 1 million inhabitants)

65,610 kmĀ²


Sinhala and Tamil; English is the lingua franca


1: 2 (height x width)


Meaning / origin of the Sri Lanka flag:

Yellow with two faces; the area on the flagpole has two vertical stripes of equal size (green, orange); the area next to it is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow leaf in each of the four corners; the yellow base color of the flag acts as a border around the entire flag as well as the individual areas within the flag.

Elements of the flag come from the Sinhalese Kingdom of Kandy. Singhala or Sinhala means 'the lion'. The sword symbolizes authority. The gold-yellow border symbolizes Buddhism, which is supposed to protect the country. In 1951 the two vertical stripes (green and orange) were added. Green symbolizes Muslim and orange symbolizes Hindu. When the country changed the name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka in 1972, a leaf was added to each of the four corners of a dark red rectangle. The leaves are reminiscent of the tree under which Siddhartha sat when he was enlightened and became Buddha.

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