What are the disadvantages of multiculturalism
Discussion - Is the Multicultural Society a Utopia?
German: Discussion - Is the Multicultural Society a Utopia?
Table of Contents
1 Introduction :
a) Definition of a multicultural society
b) Is the multicultural society even attainable?
2) main part:
a) Immigration countries: Germany and Belgium
1. Building tolerance
2. Economic growth and prosperity
3. The unification of Europe
4. Cultural exchange
- The language
- The customs and religion
- The lifestyle: E.g. eating habits
1. The different groups of foreigners living side by side.
- Ex .: Chinatowns
2. Problems with linguistic communication.
- Example: Belgium (3 language communities)
3. The original culture of the country is lost.
- Ex .: Holidays and New Year's Eve
4. Clash of different religions, their values and ethics.
- Islam: a) 17 honor killings in Belgium
b) Moral differences: Ex .: headscarf
By and large, the multicultural society is a utopia
Is the multicultural society a utopia?
The term “multicultural society” stands for a society in which people of different origins, nationalities, languages and religions live together. In politics, the promotion of such a society is called “multiculturalism” and its aim is to protect and recognize cultural differences through the state. It goes against the idea of a dominant national culture. Likewise, multiculturalism is an opponent of the melting pot, which is based on the widespread notion of an approximation of different cultures in the USA.
The multicultural society is one of the most important issues in politics because it is about the future of our society and therefore the future of all of us. But is it even possible for different cultures to coexist in one country?
Germany has long been a country of immigration and immigration to Germany has been increasing steadily since the early 1950s (Appendix 1). In Belgium just under 8% of the population have another nationality. Dutch, Germans, Luxembourgers, French and numerous foreigners from more distant regions live here together in one country. This is by no means surprising given the size of the country and its open borders for the movement of people, goods and services. In order to regulate the coexistence of locals and foreigners, the concept of the multicultural society offers itself. The foreigners are politically integrated, but do not have to adapt their cultures to those of the locals, i.e. they can continue to preserve their different traditions, lifestyles and ideas of values and ethics. This can be a great benefit for our society today, but it also has negative aspects:
One of the arguments in favor of the multicultural society is that it leads to the development of tolerance. Everyone must learn to respect the other and not to judge anyone because of their religion, customs, etc., otherwise this society cannot exist. When people learn to respect other people and their way of life, it is also much easier for them to be tolerant of other things.
On the other hand, the multicultural society brings economic growth and prosperity with it. In Germany alone, foreigners put 50 billion euros in taxes into the state coffers. On the labor market, immigrants closed the widening gaps in the labor market and thus enabled growth even in labor-intensive industries. They also occupy jobs that are poorly paid or rejected by the locals due to the employment relationships.
Another positive factor is the unification of Europe. The goal is a united, multicultural Europe. The nation states are slowly dissolving, i.e. there are no more customs barriers and a Europe-wide work permit is issued, a dream for those who are interested in other countries and cultures and want to gain experience abroad.
Probably the most important positive aspect of the multicultural society is the exchange between the different cultures. Ede culture can learn something from the other.
- The language: The exchange of languages is particularly encouraged because people have to communicate with one another in all everyday situations. Without at least learning the language of the country, the immigrants cannot live there. But the locals also pick up a lot of the other languages. Here in Belgium, for example, there are many more opportunities to learn another language, either French or Dutch.
- Customs and religion: here with us most of the people are of Christian faith. We celebrate Christmas, New Year's Eve, Easter, Pentecost, etc. All of these holidays do not exist in Islam, for example. In their place they celebrate the Ashura festival, Hanuka, Ramadan, etc. Each people can get to know the different religions of the others and decide for themselves which religion to join. Religious freedom is guaranteed by the Belgian constitution. The state currently recognizes six religions: the Roman Catholic (to which the majority of the faithful belong), the Protestant, the Orthodox, the Israeli, the Anglican and, since 1976, the Islamic religion as well. Due to the immigration of foreign workers, Islam is currently the second most important religion in Belgium.
- The lifestyle: Here, too, you can learn a lot from other cultures. The Spaniards, for example, have the habit of not having their dinner until around 10 a.m., whereas Belgians and Germans have dinner around 6 a.m. In addition, the Mediterranean cuisine is completely different from the Central European.
However, there are also numerous negative aspects that make a multicultural society impossible:
First of all, I would like to make the argument that the tolerance of different cultures can lead to the coexistence of different groups of foreigners. Since they don't have to integrate themselves in the slightest into local society, people of the same nationality, religion or culture can form groups and even form residential areas, such as the Jewish quarter in Antwerp, the city in which 20,000 Jews live in one heap . The so-called Chinatowns, in which the majority of the population is of Chinese descent, are also a typical example of such coexistence. You can find them all over the world, there are two Chinatowns in Belgium alone. Under these circumstances, however, it is no longer a coexistence but a coexistence of different cultures without being able to benefit from the “multicultural” society.
Linguistic communication could pose a further problem: a country of different cultures and peoples also means a country of different languages. It would not only be a problem in normal everyday life (shopping, work, school, ...), but also in public institutions and in the judiciary. One will have to agree on a language and that would create another insurmountable point of contention. The best example of this is our own country: Belgium consists of three language communities and three different mentalities - the Flemish community, where Dutch is spoken, the French-speaking community and the German-speaking community. There is no unified Belgian nation, the Belgian people by and large do not feel they belong together. Each language region demands its independence; a result of a multicultural country.
Just as negative is the fact that the local culture is lost in the long run. Europeans will soon no longer know any cultural borders, i.e. cultures will mix. Usually the whole country celebrates holidays together like Christmas, Easter, New Years Eve. Every country has its own way of celebrating these festivals, there are old traditions that are different everywhere. In China, for example, fireworks are only allowed in the countryside on New Year's Eve. In New York and London, New Year's Eve is comparatively calm and contemplative, while in Germany and Belgium there is a lot of fire going on. Hardly anyone in England knows "Dinner for One". Nobody there knows that this English butler sketch belongs to us on New Year's Eve like champagne, fireworks and pouring lead. In Islam, for example, Friday is the holiest day of the week, whereas in Christianity it is Sunday. Holidays also fall differently. This is particularly a problem in the economy: Muslims want to have days off other than the usual public holidays. And they have the right to do so, because in a multicultural society, religion and its respective holidays must be respected and recognized.
Finally, I come to what is probably the greatest and most decisive obstacle to a multicultural society: the clash of different religions, their values and ethics! The immigrants, for example, also bring Islam into our country and live out their culture here. Forced marriages and honor killings are normal in their religion and are not prosecuted in Turkey, for example. But here with us it is a serious punishment. It represents a huge gap between our cultures that is insurmountable. But the Islamists live out their traditions in Belgium too: In the past five years, 17 people in Belgium have been victims of so-called honor killings. This is the result of an investigation by the Federal Police, which is available to the Gazet van Antwerpen, and most of the women murdered come from Muslim families. Honor killings are committed by the families of the women concerned because they have violated family honor, either through a relationship with a non-Muslim man, out of racism or sexism. Moral ideas are also different: women in Islam are prohibited from showing their head of hair in public. Some fanatics even go so far that their wives are only allowed to let their eyes emerge. Women in Central European countries have no dress code and could be viewed as "fair game" by Muslim men. The result is acts of violence. Christianity and Islam are incompatible.
Integration of immigrants is only possible if both sides actively contribute to it. On the one hand, the local population and the state must enable immigrants to integrate into local society. On the other hand, immigrants must also show a willingness to integrate. On the whole, the multicultural society is a utopia because it brings too many problems with it and it is impossible to unite the different cultures peacefully without adaptation.
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