Is the Sharia law a kind of apartheid

101Islamic apartheid: the position of women Introduction of Sharia law. A tradition of secularism thus seems to form a buffer against political Islam. Nevertheless: In 15 of the 25 Islamic states examined by Pew, the majority of the population is in favor of maintaining or introducing Sharia law, as do Muslims in 10 of the 13 countries examined, in which the majority of the population is non-Islamic. Islamic apartheid: the position of women Alongside religious minorities, converts and atheists, women are the main victims of religiously inspired oppression in Islamic countries. The regulation of gender relations in Sharia law may have been progressive and "women-friendly" for the conditions prevailing on the Arabian Peninsula during Muhammad's lifetime. The fact that a woman's statement in Sharia law counts at all, that women get an inheritance at all and that men are “only” allowed to marry four women and only if they can afford to treat their wives equally - all of this was perhaps not so bad for the seventh-century Mecca and Medina. But in today's world, rigid adherence to seventh-century rules means that women in most Islamic states have second-class citizenship status that in recent history has only been comparable to that of blacks under the South African apartheid regime. This also applies to those countries in which the Sharia only determines family law, because this covers all essential aspects that determine the life of ordinary women from cradle to grave: marriage and divorce law, the right to sexual self-determination, custody for children and inheritance law. In all of these areas, Sharia law defines women as being worth half of men at best. In countries where Sharia law determines other areas of law, a woman's testimony is only half as effective in criminal law, and there are draconian penalties for “crimes” such as sex outside of marriage, sometimes even against raped women be applied. Even in Islamic countries where Sharia law plays little or no role, women are segregated in public spaces. So they must cover their bodies so that they do not tempt men - apparently it is not the job of men to control their urges. Many cafés and restaurants are inaccessible to women or, as in large parts of Turkey, only in separate “family rooms”, and in countries like Egypt you prefer not to show yourself as a woman on public transport if you don't want to be groped. According to a study by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, 96.5 percent of Egyptian women report having experienced such forms of sexual harassment in public.22 In short, large parts of public life in the Islamic world are reserved for men only. In the seventies and eighties of the last century South Africa was the pariah of the world. The country has been banned from international sports competitions because of systematic discrimination against non-whites; Western universities refused to cooperate with their South African counterparts; Consumers boycotted South African products or companies like Shell investing in South Africa; Tens of thousands of Europeans demonstrated at anti-apartheid demonstrations; and no progressive Westerner dreamed of vacationing in South Africa. How different is the reaction to apartheid, which millions of women in the Islamic world suffer every day. There are no boycott campaigns against countries like Iran or Pakistan; contemporary activist fellow citizens prefer to point their arrows at Israel. Western academics and universities easily accept lucrative offers from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States; Qatar is allowed to host the soccer world championship with modern slave labor; and progressive Westerners are vacationing in Iran - a country that hangs up homosexuals and stones "adulterous" women. The women among them then wear the obligatory Islamic apartheid while on vacation in Iran: the position of women put on a gatorial headscarf with a long coat and when they return they say that the oppression is not as bad as one always thinks. There are no demonstrations against the injustice that is being done to women in the Islamic world. On the contrary, anyone who criticizes this injustice can count on being called “Islamophobic” - even when it comes to women like Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Necla Kelek or Seyran Ateş, who themselves come from these countries and therefore know very well what they're talking about. Various international organizations have compiled country-comparing indices on the rights and social status of women, which highlight the exceptionally bad situation of women in Islamic countries. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has developed the Social Institutions & Gender Index (SIGI), which compares the position of women in 160 countries, including 44 countries with an Islamic majority.23 SIGI consists of three sub-areas: Gender inequality in family law ( Marriage, custody and inheritance law), access to economic resources (land and property rights) as well as political and civil rights (restrictions on the freedom of movement of women, the proportion of women in politics). According to this index, Slovenia is the country with the greatest gender equality, followed by a number of other European countries, including Austria (7th place), Germany (11th) and Switzerland (19). But also some non-western countries like Ecuador (24), Mongolia (32), Mauritius (36) and El Salvador (37) do very well. The top rated Islamic country is Turkey (57), but 40 of the 44 Islamic countries are in the lower half of the ranking. The four countries where the position of women is worst are Islamic: Niger, Yemen, Iran and Qatar. Of the twenty countries with the highest levels of gender discrimination, sixteen are Islamic, including Egypt, Syria and Bangladesh (the non-Islamic countries among the last twenty are Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon and semi-Islamic Nigeria). The World Economic Forum (WEF) has developed a similar index, The Religious Roots of Unfreedom104, which includes 145 countries, including 34 Islamic countries.24 This index ignores family law, but instead includes labor market participation, educational attainment and health status of women in the Compared to men. Here Iceland proves to be the country with the greatest gender equality, closely followed by other Scandinavian countries. Switzerland is in eighth place, Germany in eleventh and Austria a little further back in 36th place. Not only rich western countries have a relatively high level of gender equality: Rwanda ranks sixth, the Philippines seventh, Nicaragua twelve, South Africa seventeen, and so on. We find the first Islamic country, Kazakhstan, in 48th place. Of the 34 Islamic countries, 31 are in the lower half of the ranking. Of the twenty countries with the greatest gender inequality, seventeen are Islamic, including Tunisia (126th place) and Turkey (129th). The bottom twelve places are occupied without exception by Islamic countries, including Morocco (138) and the bottom two Iran, Syria, Pakistan and Yemen. The fact that Turkey scores so much worse in the World Economic Forum's ranking compared to the OECD is due to the fact that the formal legal status of women in Turkey is relatively good thanks to Ataturk's reforms. Since these reforms had only a limited impact on the conservative religious views of the majority of the Turkish population, the actual social position of Turkish women, which is at the center of the WEF index, is nevertheless very poor. Deadly love: persecution of homosexuals In addition to apostasy and blasphemy, homosexuality is one of the most serious crimes under Sharia law. On December 4, 2007, 21-year-old Makwan Moloudzadeh was executed in the Iranian provincial city of Paveh. He was accused of anally raping three boys at the age of thirteen, a criminal offense in Iran