Is there fiber in cotton

Cellulose


Here you can jump directly to the content of this subpage.

In the field of dietary fiber, cellulose is also mentioned again and again. If it were only about the frequency of occurrence, then this substance would even be lonely at the top, since it is the main component of almost all plants and makes up around half of the plant's mass. Accordingly, it is the most common organic compound. A distinction must be made between cellulose, which occurs in the food sector and is also known under the name E460, and cellulose, which is used, for example, in paper manufacture or products from the chemical industry.

What is cellulose anyway?

Put simply, cellulose or cellulose could also be referred to as sugar. More precisely, it is the most common polysaccharide, i.e. polysaccharide. Cellulose was discovered in 1838. The French chemist Anselme Payen isolated the substance from plants and in 1870 cellulose was first produced industrially. In 1992, the ability to fully synthesize followed. Cellulose can be used in a wide variety of ways: in the Stone Age it was a popular fuel, but clothing made of cotton or linen is ultimately made of cellulose. Other areas of application are cellophane or its use as a thickening or separating agent in the food sector.

How can cellulose be used in nutrition?

Cellulose cannot be digested by humans in the traditional way using enzymes and is therefore a fiber. In the large, appendix and colon there is an initial decomposition by bacteria. Part of the cellulose is broken down into oligosaccharides with shorter chains and used by the metabolism, the other part leaves the intestine undigested. A distinction must also be made between amorphous and crystalline cellulose, which can be used to different degrees.

Foods that contain cellulose are mainly bran, husk fibers but also lettuce. An interesting detail is the often assumed "Cotton Ball Diet" by top models. Here it is also the cellulose contained in the soaked cotton balls that creates a feeling of satiety. But be careful: we strongly advise against this type of diet, as commercially available cotton wool contains a lot of chemicals and can lead to life-threatening constipation.