How does America deal with mass shootings?
Attacks in the USA: what are the causes?
After assassins shot 30 people in two cities in the United States, the gun violence debate has flared up again. The background in Dayton, Ohio, is still unclear, the perpetrator in the Texas city of El Paso allegedly acted out of racist motives. Commentators conduct research into the causes.
Right-wing extremists use fear of climate change
In a manifesto published before the attack, the alleged El Paso perpetrator stated that 'overpopulation' threatened the climate. After Christchurch, this is another attack in the name of eco-fascism, emphasizes Expressen:
“One of the ideological leaders of the movement is the Finnish philosopher Pentti Linkola. He thinks democracy doesn't work and dictatorship is the only way to stop the climate catastrophe. He promotes mass executions to stop overpopulation. ... climate activists should be vigilant. Eco-fascists want to infiltrate the environmental movement. The right-wing extremists have understood that in addition to fears of economic decline, fear of climate change can also be exploited. Racism may be 'washed' in green environmental activism - but it is as dangerous as ever. "
Angry white men are the problem
Most assassins in the US are fueled by a toxic form of masculinity, complains The Daily Telegraph:
“Both those who believe in the superiority of whites and misogynists are driven by the pernicious belief that they are more important than everyone else. It is a form of venomous masculinity - the most venomous form, in fact - and has a long history in the United States, dating back to the dark days of slavery. ... Making it harder to buy deadly weapons would be one way to address the unique weapons problem in the United States. But even if it did happen - it has been tried many times and never been achieved - it would not eliminate the root cause. The US has a serious problem with angry white men and the warning signs have been ignored time and again. "
Internet as a catalyst for hatred
Hate speech on digital communication channels should not be underestimated, warns the sociologist Maurizio Ambrosini in Avvenire:
“Think, for example, of the conspiracy theories that the white population should be replaced by African, Middle Eastern or Asian ethnic groups. ... On the one hand we observe simple, mostly harmless citizens who, alone in front of a screen and keyboard, become fanatical propagators of the worst malice that the human mind can produce. The producers of the fake news provide them with pseudo-arguments and emotional ammunition for political or even economic reasons. ... And at the end of the chain there are the few but deadly 'warriors of hatred': those who not only take the supposed threat seriously, but also take up arms to stop it. "
Trump promotes terror in his country
The president is largely responsible for the racist violence in the USA, believes Valérie de Graffenried, USA correspondent for Le Temps:
“Donald Trump does not shy away from inciting racial hatred and deepening divisions to please his conservative electorate. ... Trump acts like a dangerous pyromaniac. The whites, who believe in the superiority of their race, feel strengthened and legitimized by his words. So this is what America is like today. It is a country where even people with mental disorders have the right to own guns. The inaction of the rulers in matters of gun law plays a major role - but the brutal rhetoric of the president is the real plague. Like a poison, it feeds terrorism in the country. "
Don't point your finger at the President
In La Repubblica, USA correspondent Federico Rampini, on the other hand, advocates a more differentiated view of the question of guilt:
“He's certainly not a leader who brings torn and troubled America together and reconciles. Yet one has to be careful before making any connection between ideological speeches and gunshots. Massacres also happened under Barack Obama, who certainly did not incite racism. During the eight years he was in office, there were shootings targeting blacks, Jews and homosexuals. There were also massacres that bore the mark of jihad. But it would have been wrong to make a direct connection between these and Obama's Middle East policy. "
Society takes time to heal
The fight against armed violence is a lengthy project, emphasizes Ilta-Sanomat:
“Preventing mass shootings is difficult. There are so many weapons that they inevitably end up in the hands of radicals. ... What is needed is legislation that makes access to weapons more difficult, creates stricter background controls for weapon buyers and obliges Internet companies to take action against hateful content. What is needed is a change of attitude that curbs the glorification of weapons and promotes the willingness of citizens to report fellow citizens who are preparing acts of violence. There is no single remedy. The road to a healthier society is therefore a long one. "
Dispute over gun ownership completely ideologized
The hardened fronts are not helping to regulate gun ownership in the US in a sensible way, Lidové noviny believes:
“Nobody is sure how gun control affects crime and what optimal control should look like. There are surprisingly few studies in the USA that deal with the subject. In contrast to the drug problem, for example, there is also a lack of initial data. The whole thing is politicized. Nobody wants to finance research on this. Without rational knowledge there is only an ideological debate. And in that it is difficult to find compromises. "
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