Can Vietnam veterans forgive the switchmen

Historical summary of Group 47

Group 47 pp 26-74 | Cite as

Part of the Metzler Collection book series (SAME)


The constitutional period covers the period between the 1st conference in September 1947 in Bannwaldsee and the 6th conference in October 1949 in Utting. This pre-public period is referred to in retrospect by a number of former group members as the "real", natural history of Group 47, insofar as during this early period its original intention as an intimacy-protected literary workshop of friendly writers ("friendship alliance") was real have met.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alfred Andersch, German literature in the making. A contribution to the analysis of the literary situation, Karlsruhe 1948.Google Scholar
  2. Gunter Groll, The Group That Is Not a Group (1948). In: Handbuch, pp. 31–36.Google Scholar
  3. Helmut Heißenbüttel, New Left and West German Literature after 1945. An outline. In: History of German literature from methods - West German literature from 1945–1971. Edited by Heinz Ludwig Arnold, Frankfurt 1972, Vol. 3, pp. 1-7.Google Scholar
  4. Georg Hensel, Group 47 does not make closed jumps. In: Darmstädter Echo of April 8, 1948, (= in: Handbuch, pp. 36–39). Google Scholar
  5. Hans Werner Richter, Will you come? - Young authors of the »Group 47«. In: Sie - Berliner Illustrierte Wochenzeitung, vol. 3 of January 4, 1948. Google Scholar
  6. Heinz Friedrich'Does the young poetry have a chance? In: The epoch of November 23, 1947 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 25–27). Google Scholar
  7. Heinz Friedrich, Association of Young Authors. In: Hessische Nachrichten of September 22, 1948 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 261–264). Google Scholar
  8. Herbert Hupka, Die Gruppe 47. Münchner Rundfunk from October 22, 1949 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 46–48). Google Scholar
  9. Helmut Reinholdy On the social history of coffee and the coffee house (collective review). In: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Vol. 10 (1958), pp. 151–154.Google Scholar
  10. Fifteen authors are looking for themselves. Ed. By Uwe Schultz, Munich 1967.Google Scholar
  11. Friedrich Minssen, Notes from a Young Writers' Meeting (1948). In: Handbuch, pp. 27–30.Google Scholar
  12. Fritz J. Raddatz, The Endured Reality (1962). In: Almanach, pp. 52–59.Google Scholar
  13. Hans Werner Richter, Why is the young generation silent (1946). In: Der Ruf, 1962, pp. 29–33.Google Scholar
  14. Heinrich Vormweg › Prose in the Federal Republic since 1945. In: The literature of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1973, pp. 141–343.Google Scholar
  15. Friedhelm Kröll, The ingroup as a place of social identity formation - motives for group affiliation with writers. In: DVjS 52, 1978, pp. 652-671.Google Scholar
  16. Friedrich Minssen, Avant-garde and restoration (1949). In: Handbuch pp. 40–42.Google Scholar
  17. Franz Schonauer, Literary criticism and restoration. In: Inventory - A German Balance Sheet - Thirty-six contributions by German scientists, writers and publicists. Edited by Hans Werner Richter, Munich-Vienna-Basel 1962, pp. 477–493.Google Scholar
  18. Franz Schonauer, Sieburg & Co / review of a so-called conservative literary criticism. In: Literaturmagazin 7 (1977), pp. 237-251.Google Scholar
  19. Lutz Winckler, Origin and function of the literary market. In: Lutz Winckler, cultural goods production. Essays on the sociology of literature and language, Frankfurt 1973, pp. 12–75.Google Scholar
  20. Hans Magnus Enzensberger, The Clique (1962). In: Almanach, pp. 22-27.Google Scholar
  21. Christian Ferber, Die Gruppe 47 and Die Presse (1962). In: Almanach, pp. 37–43.Google Scholar
  22. Horst Mönnich'If you praise my Goethe, I praise your Lessing. In: Sonntagsblatt, July 7, 1953 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 85–87). Google Scholar
  23. Heinz Friedrich, The avant-garde steps briefly - For the autumn conference of Group 47. In: Rheinische Post from November 8, 1960.Google Scholar
  24. Georg Hensel, Group 47 does not make closed jumps. In: Darmstädter Echo of April 8, 1948 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 36–39). Google Scholar
  25. Hermann remains, The judge of group 47. In: Deutsche Zeitung from 13./14. 7. 1963 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 320–328). Google Scholar
  26. Criticism - by whom / for whom / how - A self-presentation of German critics. Ed. By Peter Hamm, Munich 1968. Google Scholar
  27. Arnold Bauer'Everyone can express their opinion here. In: Der Kurier from 5./6. 10. 1957 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 125–128). Google Scholar
  28. Hans Bender Accented information. In: Akzente, Volume 10 (1963), pp. 211-213.Google Scholar
  29. Heinrich Boell Commitment to rubble literature (1952). In: Heinrich Böll, stories. Radio plays. Essays, Cologne-Berlin 1961, pp. 339–343.Google Scholar
  30. Louis Clappier, German literature in search of itself (1951). (=: Handbuch, pp. 65–68). Google Scholar
  31. Armin Eichholz, Thomas Mann's praise and money making. In: Münchner Merkur of May 4, 1954 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 97-103). Google Scholar
  32. Walter Jens, German Literature of the Present - Topics, Styles, Tendencies, Munich 1961.Google Scholar
  33. Hans Schwab-Felisch, Poet in the "electric chair." In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of November 1, 1956 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 116–120). Google Scholar
  34. Martin Walser, Gruppebild 1952. Radio Bern November 1952 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 278–282). Google Scholar
  35. Dieter Wellershoff, Literature, market, culture industry. In: Merkur Jg. XXI (1967), pp. 1013-1026.Google Scholar
  36. Peter Bermbach, German literature after the war. In: Combat v. September 8 and September 15, 1960 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 286–290). Google Scholar
  37. Helmut Heißenbüttel, And Uwe Johnson came along. In: Deutsche Zeitung of November 10, 1960 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 156–158). Google Scholar
  38. Joachim Kaiser, The group 47 lives on. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung of November 5, 1958 (=: Handbuch, pp. 137-139). Google Scholar
  39. Wolfdietrich Schnurre'The storytellers unlearn how to tell stories. In: Die Welt from October 31, 1962 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 169–174). Google Scholar
  40. Gerd R. Helbig, The political statements from Group 47 - A case study on the relationship between political power and intellectual criticism, Diss. Erlangen 1967.Google Scholar
  41. Walter Hasenclever, Poet and judge. In: The month, vol. 11 (1959), (= in: Handbuch, pp. 143–150). Google Scholar
  42. Joachim Kaiser, Physiognomy of a group (1962). In: Almanach, pp. 44–49.Google Scholar
  43. Rudolf W. Leonhardt, Group 47 and its critics - writers, publishers and reviewers at Elmau Castle. In: Die Zeit from October 30, 1959. Google Scholar
  44. Gertraut Linz, Literary prominence in the Federal Republic, Olten-Freiburg 1965.Google Scholar
  45. Hans Mayer (Ed.), German literary criticism. From Third Reirh to the Present (1933–1968), Frankfurt 1978, Vol. 4. (Slightly abridged paperback edition of the 1972 edition in Stuttgart), pp. 48–59.Google Scholar
  46. Klaus Wagenbach, Group analysis. In: Frankfurter Hefte, Vol. 14 (1959), (= in: Handbuch, pp. 150–155). Google Scholar
  47. Theodor W. Adorno, The consciousness of the sociology of knowledge. In: prisms. Kulturkritik und Gesellschaft, Frankfurt 1969 (first edition 1955), pp. 32–50.Google Scholar
  48. Hannelore May, About the production of literature. Attempt at a socio-economic classification of literary producers. In: Frank Benseier, Hannelore May, Hannes Schwenger, Literary producers! (1970) - Voltaire Handbuch 8, pp. 41-57. Google Scholar
  49. Hermann Peter Piwitt, Classic of adaptation. In: Literaturmagazin 1 (1973), pp. 15-23.Google Scholar
  50. Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Criticism at the meetings of the "Group 47" (1962). In: Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Anyone who writes provokes. Comments and Pamphlets, Munich 1966, pp. 57–63.Google Scholar
  51. Kurt Batty Revolte internally - reflections on literature in the FRG, Leipzig 1974.Google Scholar
  52. Martin Doehlemann, Young Writers - Pioneers of an Anti-Authoritarian Society? In: Analyzes 6, Opladen 1970.Google Scholar
  53. René Drommert, Ivory tower and television. In: Die Zeit from April 21, 1961 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 252–255). Google Scholar
  54. Hans M. Enzensberger, Foreword to: Museum of Modern Poetry. Established by Hans M. Enzensberger, Frankfurt 1960, pp. 8-20.Google Scholar
  55. Hans M. Enzensberger, World Language of Modern Poetry (1962). In: H. M. Enzensberger Details II Poetry and Politics, Frankfurt 1964, pp. 7–28. (This essay is a revised version of the preface to "Museum of Modern Poetry") Google Scholar
  56. Limit shift. New tendencies in German literature in the 1960s. Edited by Renate Matthaei, Cologne-Berlin 1970.Google Scholar
  57. Joachim Kaiser, Group 47 in Berlin. In: Das Schönste (December issue 1962), (= in: Handbuch, pp. 174–179). Google Scholar
  58. Hanspeter Kruger'Who belongs remains a secret. In: Der Tagesspiegel from November 1, 1963 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 185–188). Google Scholar
  59. Gerhard Mauz, How will the radio play arrange itself? In: Die Welt from June 3, 1960 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 248-251). Google Scholar
  60. Wolfdietrich Schnurre'Do the narrators forget how to tell the story? In: Die Welt from October 31, 1962 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 169–174). Google Scholar
  61. Hans Schwab-Felisch, The crossing of boundaries as literature. In: Der Tagesspiegel from October 30, 1962 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 167–169). Google Scholar
  62. R. Hinton Thomas / Keith Bullivant, West German writers and the challenge of the 1960s, German Munich 1975 (Original edition: Literature in upheaval. West German writers and the challenge of the 1960s, 1974) .Google Scholar

On the relationship between "Group 47" and "Dortmund Group 61"

  1. Max von der Grün, Chronology of a delay / How it came to a literature of the world of work. In: Literaturmagazin 7 (1977), pp. 373-380.Google Scholar
  2. Urs Jaeggi'The dilemma of bourgeois literature and the difficulties of non-bourgeois literature. In: Peter Kühne, Working Class and Literature, pp. 23-30.Google Scholar
  3. Peter Kühne, Working class and literature - Dortmunder Gruppe 61, Werkkreis Literatur der Arbeitswelt, Frankfurt 1972.Google Scholar
  1. The alternative or do we need a new government? Edited by Martin Walser, Reinbek 1961.Google Scholar
  2. Erich Fried, Grass or group. In: Konkret, (Nov. 1967), pp. 54/55. Google Scholar
  3. Rolf Hochhuth'The class struggle is not over (1965). In: Rolf Hochhuth, War and Class War. Studies, Reinbek 1971, pp. 21–48.Google Scholar
  4. Karl Markus Michel, Die Sprachlose Intellektiven, Frankfurt 1968, esp. Pp. 63-124.Google Scholar
  5. Wolfdietrich SchnurreThey weren't seismographs. In: Die Welt vom 3./4. 11. 1961 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 159–163). Google Scholar
  6. Martin Walser, Sketch to a charge. In: I live in the Federal Republic, ed. of Wolfgang Weyrauch, Munich 1961, pp. 110-114.Google Scholar
  7. Heinrich Boell, End of humility. On the situation of writers in the Federal Republic. Speech on the occasion of the establishment of the Association of German Writers (VS) on June 8, 1969. In: Poetry and Politics. On the situation of literature in Germany. Ed. By Wolfgang Kuttenkeuler, Stuttgart-Berlin-Cologne-Mainz 1973, pp. 347-357.Google Scholar
  8. Peter Harding, Representatives. In: The Month, Vol. 16 (1964), (= in: Handbuch, pp. 203-205). Google Scholar
  9. Helmut Heißenbüttely Peter Handke's fame. In: Merkur vol. XX (1966). Reprinted in: Helmut Heißenbüttely Zur Tradition der Moderne, pp. 346–357.Google Scholar
  10. Jürgen von Hollander, The secret of group 47. In: Brockmanns collected forty-seven. 100 caricatures of literary contemporaries, Munich 1967, pp. 105–112.Google Scholar
  11. Hellmuth Karasek, Victory of an idyllic. Berlin conference of the »Group 47« in the Literary Colloquium. In: Stuttgarter Zeitung of November 25, 1965. Google Scholar
  12. Joachim Kaiser, Three days and one day. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung of April 30, 1966 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 219–225). Google Scholar
  13. Martin Walser, Commitment as a compulsory subject for writers. A radio lecture with four postscripts (Hessischer Rundfunk, May 7, 1967). In: Martin Walser, Local history. Essays and Reden, Frankfurt 1972, pp. 103–126 (1st ed. 1968). Google Scholar
  14. Martin Walser, For an IG culture. Speech to the 1st Congress of the VS 1970. In: Martin Walser, How and what is literature about. Essays and Reden, Frankfurt 1973, pp. 67–75.Google Scholar
  15. Gabriele Wohmann'Forty-seven at Princeton - recorded on the fly. In: Darmstädter Echo of May 3, 1966.Google Scholar
  16. Dieter E. Zimmer, Group 47 at Princeton. In: Die Zeit from May 6, 1966 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 225–236). Google Scholar

On the conflict around the Princeton conference

  1. Art and misery of diatribe. On the dispute over group 47. In: Language in the technical age, 20 (1966) .Google Scholar
  2. Princeton and the aftermath. In: Handbuch, pp. 401–445.Google Scholar
  1. Helmut Heißenbüttely Group criticism. In: Merkur, Jg. XIX (1965), (= in: Handbuch, S. 202/03). Google Scholar
  2. Hans Mayer, Introduction to: Deutsche Literaturkritik, Vol. 4, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. Ulrich Sonnemann Institutionalism and Student Opposition, Theses on the Spread of Disobedience in Germany, Frankfurt 1968.Google Scholar
  4. Thomas von Vegesack, Synthesis in sight. In: Stockholms Tidningen of September 16, 1967 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 189–193). Google Scholar
  5. Alfred Andersch, The Blindness of the Artwork (1956). In: Alfred Andersch, The Blindness of the Artwork, Frankfurt 1965, pp. 21–33.Google Scholar
  6. Heinz Ludwig Arnold, Innovation and irritation as a principle. About Peter Handke's »Kaspar«. In: Akzente Vol. 18 (1971), pp. 310-318.Google Scholar
  7. Jürgen Becker, Against the preservation of the literary status quo (1964). In: About Jürgen Becker. Ed. By Leo Kreutzer, Frankfurt 1972, pp. 13-19.Google Scholar
  8. Hans Dollinger, also - German literature minus group 47 = how much? Munich-Bern-Vienna 1967.Google Scholar
  9. Helmut Heißenbüttel, Notes on a literature of the self-denuders (1966). In: Helmut Heißenbüttel, Zur Tradition der Moderne, pp. 80–94.Google Scholar
  10. Siegfried Lenz, Contagious feelings. Tolstoy and the Crisis of Art (1961). In: Siegfried Lenz. Views and Confessions to Literature, Munich 1972, pp. 187–192.Google Scholar
  11. Siegfried Lenz, The artist as a confidante. A speech in Bremen (1962). In: Siegfried Lenz, Views and Confessions of Literature, pp. 201–207.Google Scholar
  12. Marcel Reich-Ranicki'Nothing but German literature. In: Die Zeit from December 3, 1965 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 209–217). Google Scholar
  13. Franz Schonauer, Literary workshop at Lake Mälaren - commentary on this year's conference of »Group 47« in Sigtuna (Sweden). In: Frankfurter Rundschau of September 18, 1964. Google Scholar
  14. Hans Schwab-Felisch, Readings at Lake Mälaren. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of September 17, 1964 (= in: Handbuch, pp. 197-202). Google Scholar
  15. Gabriele Wohmann'All you need is… literature. Group 47 meets in the powder mill. In: Darmstädter Echo from October 11, 1967. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 1979

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available