Shyness is a negative personality trait
Under shyness - often called Shy denotes - one understands the fearfulness of a person when establishing interpersonal relationships. Fearfulness and inhibition arise in social interaction especially when the attention of others is focused on a person who has a low self-esteem. In his or her cautious attitude, the shy person has an aversion to having to deal with a very specific person or thing, i. In other words, she or he is cautious in speaking and acting, shies away from asserting himself in a social situation, is sometimes overcautious or even over-anxious, but mostly reserved and reserved. Shyness is often accompanied by violent physical excitement such as involuntary blushing or increased pulse with accelerated breathing.
Most people associate shyness with an uncomfortable feeling of tension in the company of other people, which is usually associated with the fear of being negatively assessed or perceived. There are people who are only sometimes shy as well as those who perceive themselves to be shy very often, whereby shyness is fundamentally referred to in psychology Personality trait applies.
Shyness occurs especially in performance and interaction situations, when someone has to take an exam or speak in front of many people, but also when they are trying to connect with a group. Shyness is usually particularly pronounced when you don't know anyone in a social situation with many people and you have to overcome yourself to speak to someone, but there are also people who shed their shyness in a confusing large group, because then it arises with them Feeling that it doesn't matter what the others think of you anyway.
Since shyness is a common trait, it is believed to be partly innate; that is, if parents are very shy, their children may be too. On top of that comes that Model learning, because if as a child you observe that your parents are very withdrawn and rarely receive visitors, you cannot see this as often as they interact with other people. So if parents are more cautious even in contact, one tends to ignore these ways of reacting so that this reluctance of the parents can be transferred to the children. Educational Influences also play a role if there is a family climate that is heavily focused on social devaluation, because we know from research that a parental style of upbringing, which is characterized by a combination of overprotection and devaluation, is a risk factor for the later occurrence of social phobias. It is well known that such an anxiety disorder is more likely to occur in families in which there is a very close parenting relationship, but in which it is nevertheless often criticized.
A certain amount of shyness is there normal and important in childrenbecause they are shy especially when they are in situations that are unfamiliar to them. A developmental phase with temporary shyness can regularly be observed in infants, this is known as Strangers and occurs between the 4th and 8th month of life. This inhibited behavior later protects them from going along with strangers and from being careless, whereby one can also deduce from developmental psychology that a certain degree of shyness represents an important developmental step.
Shyness seems to be related to the psychological construct of the behavioral inhibition to be related, i.e. the tendency to react with restraint and inhibition first in new situations. However, behavioral inhibition in childhood cannot be compared with shyness in the 20th year of life.
Sometimes will social phobia equated with extreme shyness, but shyness belongs to the field of personality psychology, while a social phobia is to be assigned to clinical psychology and thus to mental disorders. In the case of social phobia, however, there is a clear limit from which one speaks of a disorder with a disease value, while shyness is a temperament characteristic and not a psychological disorder. However, extreme shyness can be a manifestation of a social phobia. Shyness is also different from that Introversion, because introverted people like to be alone with themselves and spend their time like that. In contrast to a social phobia, they do not experience any conflict or fears, but there is often a conflict of motives even with shy people, because they might like to be the center of attention but fail to jump over their own shadow.
Extreme shyness however, there are sometimes underlying psychological disorders that are accessible to psychotherapeutic treatment.
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