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Everything to do with load security, fall protection, job security, industrial needs

Load securing in automobiles is a must ...

Craftsmen who transport their tool boxes and heavy equipment unsecured in the trunk, vacationers with fully packed cars or families who bring their purchases home in the back seat. Everyone is not aware of the danger without proper load securing in the car ...

For example, the risk of inadequate load securing in a car in the event of an emergency stop or a traffic accident. Unsecured cargo can carry you up to in an accident 50 times the weight * to reach. In the event of a rear-end collision at a speed of 50 km / h, a normal umbrella then becomes a projectile weighing more than 30 kg. As a driver, you always have to reckon with a traffic-related emergency stop.

A cell phone, car atlas, laptop or umbrella lying in a car can quickly become a life-threatening danger. A frontal collision at 50 km / h can result in an unsecured load 50 times its own weight accelerate.

Impact weight in a head-on collision

objectNormal weightImpact weight at 50 km / h

mobile

0.3 kg16.5 kg

umbrella

0.7 kg38.5 kg

Car atlas / laptop

1.5 kg82.5 kg

Source:

Police Bavaria

* Note Marotech:
In its latest crash test in June 2009, the ADAC determined values ​​of up to forty times the actual weight. This information can differ due to the different coefficients of sliding friction of the individual cargo.

ADAC load securing test in cars

Using the example of equipment for a barbecue, the ADAC showed in a front crash at 50 km / h how dangerous this can be. You can find more details about the test here in the video: When the beer keg gets wings. . .

Source: ADAC e. V., Am Westpark 8, 81373 Munich, [email protected]

Entrepreneurs and fleet managers have a duty -
Fine of up to € 10,000

Many companies use their vehicle fleet not only to transport people, but also for goods. A station wagon is quickly converted to transport boxes. The loading area of ​​a sales representative's company car also quickly fills up with samples, brochures and the like.

Who is liable if the load was not properly secured and the employee was injured by objects flying around?

If, after the damaging event, it turns out that the injured employee was transporting cargo in an unsuitable vehicle on the instructions of his employer, or that instruction in the vehicle and the correct use of load securing devices has not been given (BGV 29 - professional association regulation for vehicles), come first the employers' liability insurance association (BG) for the personal injury that has occurred. The employee's claim against the employer is limited to personal property damage.
Anyone who, as an entrepreneur, believes that he is not liable for personal injury and can do without proper load securing for cost reasons, is seriously mistaken. The professional associations (BG) can take recourse from the employer if the occurrence of the damage is due to gross negligence. Anyone who, as an entrepreneur, violates the accident prevention regulations of the BG is generally acting with gross negligence.
If it is found that the injured driver was not instructed in securing the load or did not have a suitable vehicle, the employer must reimburse the BG for all payments made to the injured party. BG is not liable for property damage.
If the employer can prove that the fleet manager was commissioned for these tasks, he can take recourse against the fleet manager.

If the vehicle driver himself has caused the damage through unsecured cargo in a reproachable manner, he may, under certain circumstances, be liable to his employer for damages.
The laptop that is in the back seat and flown through the windshield must be replaced as well as other unsecured cargo. Even if, in the event of grossly negligent behavior on the part of the vehicle driver, the BG will usually stand up for personal injury - except in the case of intent or intoxication, the employee remains seated on his own property damage.
In addition to the transfer of liability to the BG for personal injury and civil law claims by employers and employees in the event of property damage, the entrepreneur can be fined up to 10,000 euros for violating the employer's liability insurance association regulations.
According to the road traffic regulations, the driver can also be fined for incorrectly securing loads.

Source: Dr. Katja Löhr-Müller, bfp, Fuhrpark + Management, No. 6/2005
(Editorially revised)

A cost-effective 15-piece set for securing loads in cars, cars, station wagons and vans can be found in the Lasi sack at Marotech. It has all the important load securing aids in it as basic equipment.

You can find more information about the Lasi sack here ...

Tips for correct load securing in cars:

  • Do not leave objects free in the trunk / loading area; Place as close as possible behind the rear seat backrest. If possible, use the vehicle seat belt.
  • Do not put shopping bags, beverage crates, cool bags, holiday luggage on the back seat. They are better placed in the trunk or at least in the rear footwell.
  • If this is not possible, use the unoccupied seat belts of the vehicle. In an emergency, you can support the back seat to absorb the forces that occur.
  • When loading, the weight should be evenly distributed and particularly heavy objects (over 25 kg) preferably stowed and wedged in the unoccupied passenger footwell or in the footwell behind the seat
  • It is best to use anti-slip mats and load securing nets!
  • Use tension belts / lashing straps! Use suitable lashing equipment to lash the load. Appropriate lashing points are available as standard on new vehicles.
  • Note the loading height! In the case of station wagons or vans, the luggage must not protrude over the top edge of the rear seat backrest. Use a load securing net or partition grille.
  • Note roof load! Correct load securing also applies to transport on the roof. Note the maximum permissible roof load. The cargo in the roof box should not be lying around either.
  • Do not overload the vehicle and on the correct tire pressure respect, think highly of.
  • Remember, violations of the load securing obligation are dangerous and have legal consequences (penalties and recourse from the auto insurance company).


Usefull links:
Guideline VDI 2700 sheet 16 (draft) - load security for small vans

Source: Association of German Engineers (VDI). vdi.de

Commercial vehicle station wagons, multi-purpose passenger cars, car station wagons and cars in accordance with DIN 70010: 2001, in which people or their luggage are transported, do not fall under the guideline VDI 2700 Part 16 (draft). Nevertheless, the load must also be secured in these vehicles. If these vehicles are used for commercial activities, appropriate restraint devices must be provided. Load securing is also the order of the day here.

Cars and station wagons in which cargo is transported must have restraint devices if they are subject to the scope of the accident prevention regulation "Vehicles" (BGV D 29). Load-bearing capacity and attachment are regulated in DIN 75410-2.