What did Great Britain invent?
From Great Britain the Industrial revolution - England was the "workshop of the world". James Hargreaves eg invented the automatic loom or Samuel Crompton the spinning machine. Steam power was discovered as an important source of energy as early as the 18th century. Thomas Newcomen had already invented the steam engine in 1712, it was made by Thomas Watts further developed. On September 27, 1825, the railway line from Stockton to Darlington opened - for the first time in the history of railways people were transported by steam locomotive. In the middle of the 19th century, England already had over 8,000 kilometers of railroad!
That came with industrialization and mechanization to travel on - Thomas Cook is considered the founder of modern tourism, he also invented the traveler's check as a means of payment. By the way: the first international tennis tournaments took place at Center Court in Wimbledon as early as 1877.
In the middle of the 19th century, a man found refuge in London whose ideas were to shape the entire 20th century and which would extend into the 21st century: the German Karl Marx (1818-1883). He co-authored Friedrich Engels(1820-1895) “The Manifesto of the Communist Party” in 1848. It paved the way for the working class, which began to form politically at the end of the 19th century. Strikes by factory workers took place more and more often to draw attention to the poor working conditions. As a result, laws were passed regulating working hours, working conditions and occupational safety, as well as child labor in factories and workshops.
England emerged victorious from the First World War and thus played a leading role in the drafting of the peace treaties. Great Britain repeatedly emerged victorious from World War II in its alliance with France, the USSR and the USA.
After this second World War aspired to the former British Colonies after independence. This was the case in India, for example, where Queen Victoria had been Empress since 1876. The British also lost their supremacy in the Middle East, especially in Egypt. With the former colonial states and now independent states, Great Britain is in the Commonwealth of Nations still connected. The cornerstone for the establishment of this association of states were 1926 in the Balfour Declaration or finally through the Westminster Statute in the year 1931 placed. Britain's foreign policy was primarily focused on the Commonwealth of Nations and the United States, rather than continental Europe.
is deputy Head of the Institute for Austrian Legal History and European Legal Development. She specializes in contemporary history.
Britain tried a year 1960 by creating the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) to take a different economic path, but with the aim of becoming a member of the EEC. France prevented the island monarchy from joining the EEC twice, and it was not until 1973 that Great Britain was able to join what was then the EC. As an EC or EU member, Great Britain has a special status, it is not a member of the euro zone and not a member of borderless Europe (Schengen Europe). A passport is still required when entering the UK.
London is not just where the largest banks in the world have their seat, but also the venue of the 30th Summer Olympics in 2012.
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