How do I get obese

Where does obesity come from?

Scientists around the world are researching the causes of obesity. These seem to be far more complex than previously assumed. Obesity cannot simply be dismissed by eating too much. In rare cases, diseases are also the cause of obesity.

We're getting bigger and bigger

The number of overweight people keeps increasing. The figures of the National Consumption Study II of the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection from January 2008 confirm: 66 percent of men and 51 percent of women between 18 and 80 years of age are overweight with a body mass index over 25. As obese or obese every fifth German citizen applies, and more than 30 percent of those over 60 are obese.

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Children and adolescents are also increasingly suffering from obesity. Only 75 percent of young people between the ages of 14 and 17 are of normal weight. Obesity strikes especially among young adults, because 28 percent of men and 23 percent of women are already overweight by the age of 18 and 19.

Is it innate to be fat?

Fat parents - fat children? It happens more often than you think. It is known from twin studies that the predisposition to obesity can have a strong influence on body weight.

On the other hand, parents, siblings and other caregivers significantly shape children in their diet. Children of fat parents have a very high risk of becoming overweight. And this is not only due to the genes, but also to the fact that the children imitate the mostly high-calorie diet of their parents.

But even if a genetic predisposition speaks for a few extra pounds, a balanced diet and plenty of exercise can work wonders.

Good and bad feed converters

In the genetic material, for example, it can be determined whether one is a good or a bad feed user. Poor feed converters use up the energy from food, which is measured in joules or calories, faster. The energy dissipates as heat. Good feed converters, on the other hand, can produce up to half less heat than others. Here the food energy is more likely to be stored as a fat pad. While poor feed converters remain slim despite eating and drinking a lot, good feed converters can gain weight even with smaller amounts.

Education and eating tradition

In addition to heredity, unfavorable eating habits and incorrect eating behavior are considered to be the most important causes of too many pounds. It is not only important "what" and "how much" you eat, but also why and how we eat.

Upbringing and eating tradition have a particular influence on the development of obesity. A number of educational methods contribute to the fact that the natural appetite and satiety behavior is disturbed even in childhood. Typical examples are requests to empty the plate, to eat the meal quickly while it is warm, or to use food as praise or punishment. The amount and time of eating are often given externally and are no longer regulated by the body's internal natural mechanisms. Such strategies then lead in adulthood to the fact that it is not hunger that triggers the signal to eat, but rather anger, stress or boredom.

The smell from the bakery also makes these people more eager to eat than people who still have a functioning appetite and satiety behavior. These people are particularly at risk of becoming overweight. Others, just as dependent on external stimuli, can maintain their weight, however. They do this with the help of a strong mental control of their eating behavior, i.e. with discipline. This strong control replaces the internal control mechanisms that have been lost.

Restrained eaters

There are people who are of normal weight, but who are predisposed to being overweight. In these cases, one speaks of restrained eaters. Scientists assume that their pre-programmed genetic target weight, also known as the set point, is a lot higher than the weight they are fighting so desperately for. For their entire life, these good feed converters have to be content with a reduced energy intake - with up to 30 percent fewer calories than would normally be estimated for them. That costs a lot of discipline, psychological energy and also a bit of joie de vivre. This type of restrained eating can potentially promote eating disorders as well.